143 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Phylogenomics of white-eyes, a ‘great speciator’, reveals Indonesian archipelago as the center of lineage diversity

    Chyi Yin Gwee et al.
    Contrary to the high absolute number of white-eyes in other parts of the world, the Indonesian archipelago is the center of phylogenetic diversity of this great speciator.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Phylogenomic analysis supports the ancestral presence of LPS-outer membranes in the Firmicutes

    Luisa CS Antunes et al.
    Phylogenomics provides support for the Gram-positive type of bacterial cell envelope being a derived character that arose independently multiple times through loss of an ancestral outer membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolution of substrate specificity in a retained enzyme driven by gene loss

    Ana Lilia Juárez-Vázquez et al.
    An integrated biochemical and evolutionary analysis shows how enzyme specificity evolves after gene loss during genome decay, implicating relaxation of purifying selection as a driving force for functional divergence.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Molecular evidence of hybridization between pig and human Ascaris indicates an interbred species complex infecting humans

    Alice Easton et al.
    Comparative phylogenomic analyses based on a new reference-quality human Ascaris genome assembly reveals a pig/human interbred species complex with implications for Ascaris control worldwide.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    High-quality carnivoran genomes from roadkill samples enable comparative species delineation in aardwolf and bat-eared fox

    Rémi Allio et al.
    High-quality genomes can be obtained from roadkill samples and used in population genomics for species delimitation with conservation implications.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Parallel evolution between genomic segments of seasonal human influenza viruses reveals RNA-RNA relationships

    Jennifer E Jones et al.
    Phylogenetic relationships between viral RNA segments are distinct between subtypes and lineages of seasonal human influenza A viruses and implicate RNA-RNA relationships as novel drivers of influenza virus evolution.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolutionary routes to biochemical innovation revealed by integrative analysis of a plant-defense related specialized metabolic pathway

    Gaurav D Moghe et al.
    Integrative analysis of a specialized metabolic pathway across multiple non-model species illustrates mechanisms of emergence of chemical novelty in plant metabolism.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Metazoan evolution of glutamate receptors reveals unreported phylogenetic groups and divergent lineage-specific events

    David Ramos-Vicente et al.
    The animal phylogeny of glutamate receptors indicates that vertebrate types do not account for all receptor classes originated during evolution, neither are they the pinnacle of a linear evolutive process.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Origin and evolution of the nuclear auxin response system

    Sumanth K Mutte et al.
    The system that controls gene expression by the plant signaling molecule auxin has deep evolutionary roots, and stepwise increases in system complexity shaped the highly diverse auxin response in land plants.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A mex3 homolog is required for differentiation during planarian stem cell lineage development

    Shu Jun Zhu et al.
    The planarian mex3-1 gene is required for non-stem cell fates and suppresses a stem cell fate in differentiating cells.

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