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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolution of the vestibular apparatus in apes and humans

    Alessandro Urciuoli et al.
    The morphology of the inner ear distinguishes major anthropoid clades and enables the proposal of various shared-derived features for apes as a whole, lesser apes, and great apes and humans.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Unprecedented genomic diversity of RNA viruses in arthropods reveals the ancestry of negative-sense RNA viruses

    Ci-Xiu Li et al.
    Extensive genetic diversity and novel genome structures in RNA viruses from arthropods shed important new light on the ancestry and evolutionary history of major classes of vertebrate and plant viruses.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Improved characterisation of MRSA transmission using within-host bacterial sequence diversity

    Matthew D Hall et al.
    Reconstruction of transmission pathways of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus using multiple genomes per host reveals great variation in the size of the transmission bottleneck and limited evidence for body site/phylogeny association.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Learning protein constitutive motifs from sequence data

    Jérôme Tubiana et al.
    A new machine-learning toolbox unveils coevolutionary protein motifs related to structure, function, and phylogeny from sequence information only.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Metazoan evolution of glutamate receptors reveals unreported phylogenetic groups and divergent lineage-specific events

    David Ramos-Vicente et al.
    The animal phylogeny of glutamate receptors indicates that vertebrate types do not account for all receptor classes originated during evolution, neither are they the pinnacle of a linear evolutive process.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Phylogeny: Are arthropods at the heart of virus evolution?

    Gytis Dudas, Darren J Obbard
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    1. Developmental Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: An organismal perspective on C. intestinalis development, origins and diversification

    Matthew J Kourakis, William C Smith
    The life cycle and morphology of the sea squirt Ciona intestinalis shed light on vertebrate evolution.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Evolution: The enigmatic xenopsins

    Detlev Arendt
    A new member of the family of light-sensitive proteins called opsins has stirred up our view of photoreceptors.
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    1. Plant Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Genetic, evolutionary and plant breeding insights from the domestication of maize

    Sarah Hake, Jeffrey Ross-Ibarra
    Comparing maize to its wild ancestor teosinte advances our understanding of how it and other cereal crops evolved, and also identifies the genetic variation that can contribute to important agricultural traits.