20 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Unravelling the history of hepatitis B virus genotypes A and D infection using a full-genome phylogenetic and phylogeographic approach

    Evangelia-Georgia Kostaki et al.
    Considerable differences are observed in the global dissemination patterns of HBV-D and HBV-A, the genotypes of which have putative origins in North Africa/Middle East (HBV-D) and the Middle East/Central Asia (HBV-A).
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    Baboon illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies

    Julia Fischer et al.
    Wild baboons are an excellent model to study complex evolutionary processes such as speciation and hybridization, as well as the links between sociality, longevity and reproductive success.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Origins of the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic in swine in Mexico

    Ignacio Mena et al.
    Genome sequence data from 58 Mexican swine influenza A viruses resolves the spatial origin of the virus that originated the influenza pandemic of 2009.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology
    Killifish illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Nothobranchius furzeri, an 'instant' fish from an ephemeral habitat

    Martin Reichard, Matej Polačik
    The turquoise killifish from ephemeral pools in African savannah combines extremely short lifespan with a standard vertebrate body plan – ideal attributes for a laboratory animal.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Demographic reconstruction from ancient DNA supports rapid extinction of the great auk

    Jessica E Thomas et al.
    Reconstruction of great auk population dynamics suggests that hunting pressure alone could have been responsible for their extinction, demonstrating that even abundant, widespread species can be vulnerable to intense exploitation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Physiological constraint on acrobatic courtship behavior underlies rapid sympatric speciation in bearded manakins

    Meredith C Miles et al.
    Skeletal muscle performance sets the course of rapid speciation by defining the evolutionary trajectory of reproductive behavior.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Homo naledi and Pleistocene hominin evolution in subequatorial Africa

    Lee R Berger et al.
    A late Middle Pleistocene age for Homo naledi demonstrates a diversity of hominin species in Africa at this critical time in the archaeological record.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mapping global environmental suitability for Zika virus

    Jane P Messina et al.
    A global map of environmental suitability for Zika virus and the estimated population living at potential risk can help refine public health guidelines, travel advisories and intervention strategies at a crucial time in the global emergence of this arbovirus.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Eighteenth century Yersinia pestis genomes reveal the long-term persistence of an historical plague focus

    Kirsten I Bos et al.
    The analysis of 18th century Y. pestis genomes reveals a bacterial lineage that might be responsible for the 400-year period of European plague epidemics from the Renaissance through early modern times.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Convergent evolution of small molecule pheromones in Pristionchus nematodes

    Chuanfu Dong et al.
    Unexpected structural diversity of nematode small molecules, as revealed by high-resolution phylogenetic analysis, suggests recurrent biochemical innovation, a pattern that is probably typical across animals.

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