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Page 3 of 279
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Functional biology in its natural context: A search for emergent simplicity

    Joy Bergelson et al.
    The time is right to study biological function without stripping systems of their essential eco-evolutionary context.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spontaneous neural synchrony links intrinsic spinal sensory and motor networks during unconsciousness

    Jacob Graves McPherson, Maria F Bandres
    Persistent, non-random sensorimotor connectivity reveals the capacity of intrinsic spinal networks to purposefully replay and modify learned patterns of neural transmission during unconsciousness.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetic strategies for high-efficiency all-optical interrogation using blue-light-sensitive opsins

    Angelo Forli et al.
    A new soma-targeted variant of the large-conductance blue-light-sensitive opsin CoChR combined with advanced optical stimulation methods allows high-efficiency all-optical neuronal imaging and stimulation in mouse brain in vivo.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    TRPM channels mediate learned pathogen avoidance following intestinal distention

    Adam Filipowicz et al.
    Behavioral assays using Caenorhabditis elegans show that a learned pathogen avoidance following intestinal distention requires specific chemosensory neurons and TRPM channels in the intestine and excretory cell.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reshaping of bacterial molecular hydrogen metabolism contributes to the outgrowth of commensal E. coli during gut inflammation

    Elizabeth R Hughes et al.
    Bioinformatics analyses and experiments in mouse models reveal how Escherichia coli accesses the molecular hydrogen pool to boost colonization during acute colitis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unveiling the sensory and interneuronal pathways of the neuroendocrine connectome in Drosophila

    Sebastian Hückesfeld et al.
    Core of a neuroendocrine synaptic network consists of a parallel set of interneurons that target distinct combinations of neuroendocrine outputs, thus enabling variability and flexibility in selection of physiological activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential dopaminergic modulation of spontaneous cortico–subthalamic activity in Parkinson’s disease

    Abhinav Sharma et al.
    Dopaminergic medication has differential effects on the discovered electrophysiological networks, which could be used to develop new electrical and pharmacological interventions in Parkinson’s disease.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Live-imaging of endothelial Erk activity reveals dynamic and sequential signalling events during regenerative angiogenesis

    Kazuhide S Okuda et al.
    Live-imaging of a transgenic reporter of vascular Erk signalling in zebrafish reveals sequential signalling mechanisms during the initiation of regeneration in wounded blood vessels.
    1. Neuroscience

    Somatostatin-expressing parafacial neurons are CO2/H+ sensitive and regulate baseline breathing

    Colin M Cleary et al.
    Cellular and chemogenetic approaches identify a novel mode of chemotransduction involving regulation of basal breathing by CO2/H+-dependent disinhibition.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Distinct expression requirements and rescue strategies for BEST1 loss- and gain-of-function mutations

    Qingqing Zhao et al.
    BEST1 autosomal dominant loss-of-function mutations surprisingly behave in a dominant-negative manner, whereas gain-of-function mutations exhibit a strong dominant effect that necessitates CRISPR/Cas9-mediated suppression of the endogenous mutant allele in gene therapy.