2,848 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Insights into electrosensory organ development, physiology and evolution from a lateral line-enriched transcriptome

    Melinda S Modrell et al.
    An unbiased transcriptomic approach reveals that developing paddlefish electrosensory organs express genes essential for mechanosensory hair cell development and synaptic transmission, and identifies candidates for mediating electroreceptor development and function.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gut microbiota density influences host physiology and is shaped by host and microbial factors

    Eduardo J Contijoch et al.
    The density of the gut microbiota influences the host immune system and adiposity, and can be therapeutically manipulated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Salivary and plasmatic oxytocin are not reliable trait markers of the physiology of the oxytocin system in humans

    Daniel Martins et al.
    Single measurements of baseline salivary and plasmatic oxytocin are not sufficiently reliable to provide valid trait markers of the physiology of the oxytocin system in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Conditional deletion of glucocorticoid receptors in rat brain results in sex-specific deficits in fear and coping behaviors

    Jessie R Scheimann et al.
    Development of a conditional glucocorticoid receptor knockdown rat model allows for high resolution anatomical, physiological and behavioral exploration into the role of glucocorticoid receptor signaling in defined cell populations.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Estrogen receptor alpha in the brain mediates tamoxifen-induced changes in physiology in mice

    Zhi Zhang et al.
    Estrogen receptor alpha in the hypothalamus is required for the effects of chronic tamoxifen treament on gene expression, thermoregulation, bone, and movement in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Male pheromones modulate synaptic transmission at the C. elegans neuromuscular junction in a sexually dimorphic manner

    Kang-Ying Qian et al.
    Male pheromone environment increases the cholinergic synaptic transmission at the neuromuscular junction in Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites during development, decreasing hermaphrodites' locomotion activity and promoting mating efficiency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Subthalamic, not striatal, activity correlates with basal ganglia downstream activity in normal and parkinsonian monkeys

    Marc Deffains et al.
    The spiking activity of the subthalamic nucleus, rather than the activity of striatal projection neurons, orchestrates basal ganglia downstream activity and output commands in health and Parkinson’s disease.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A novel mitochondrial Kv1.3–caveolin axis controls cell survival and apoptosis

    Jesusa Capera et al.
    The association of caveolin with the potassium channel Kv1.3 fine-tunes cell survival and apoptosis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Multiplexed mRNA assembly into ribonucleoprotein particles plays an operon-like role in the control of yeast cell physiology

    Rohini R Nair et al.
    Prokaryotes use polycistronic messages for coordinated translation, whereas eukaryotic cells may achieve tunable protein synthesis by packaging monocistronic mRNAs into functional multiplexes via co-transcriptional interallelic coupling and non-canonical histone-H4 functions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Social communication of predator-induced changes in Drosophila behavior and germ line physiology

    Balint Z Kacsoh et al.
    Reproductive behavior is conferred from experienced to naïve Drosophila as a behavioral social strategy allowing naïve groups to anticipate a threat from a predator.

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