946 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Importance of miRNA stability and alternative primary miRNA isoforms in gene regulation during Drosophila development

    Li Zhou et al.
    Selective degradation of mature miRNAs shapes temporal miRNA expression patterns and is important for proper regulation of target genes to support normal development of Drosophila embryos.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Diagnostic potential for a serum miRNA neural network for detection of ovarian cancer

    Kevin M Elias et al.
    Application of machine learning to serum miRNA profiles generated through next generation sequencing identifies a biologically relevant miRNA signature which can be deployed as a qPCR test to assist the diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Functional genome-wide siRNA screen identifies KIAA0586 as mutated in Joubert syndrome

    Susanne Roosing et al.
    A supervised learning approach on a high-content genome-wide siRNA screen has identified 591 likely candidates for ciliopathies and facilitated in the discovery of KIAA0586 mutations in individuals with Joubert syndrome.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    piRNA-guided co-transcriptional silencing coopts nuclear export factors

    Martin H Fabry et al.
    A member of the Drosophila Nuclear Export Factor (Nxf) family, Nxf2, forms part of the piRNA-dependent co-transcriptional silencing complex and is essential for transposon repression in fly ovaries.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A tudor domain protein, SIMR-1, promotes siRNA production at piRNA-targeted mRNAs in C. elegans

    Kevin I Manage et al.
    SIMR-1 acts downstream of the piRNA pathway to promote siRNA amplification by the Mutator complex and localizes to perinuclear foci distinct from Mutator foci, P granules and Z granules.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Viral miRNA adaptor differentially recruits miRNAs to target mRNAs through alternative base-pairing

    Carlos Gorbea et al.
    iRICC, a new method to identify RNA-RNA interactions in vivo, provides mechanistic insight into the function of a viral non-coding RNA.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Domestic chickens activate a piRNA defense against avian leukosis virus

    Yu Huining Sun et al.
    To protect the germ line genome, chickens acquire new small RNA-based immune defense in response to recently endogenized retroviruses by turning a truncated provirus into a weapon.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    KRAS-dependent sorting of miRNA to exosomes

    Diana J Cha et al.
    In isogenically matched colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines, mutant KRAS alters the composition of secreted miRNAs in extracellular vesicles that can then transfer repressive activity to wild type cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Translational control of ERK signaling through miRNA/4EHP-directed silencing

    Seyed Mehdi Jafarnejad et al.
    ERK/MAPK activity is regulated by the cap-binding protein 4EHP, via translational control of the DUSP6 phosphatase.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Satb2 determines miRNA expression and long-term memory in the adult central nervous system

    Clemens Jaitner et al.
    The genome-organizer Satb2 has a key role in memory formation by modulating availability of miRNAs that control the function of synapses.

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