104 results found
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Autocatalytic microtubule nucleation determines the size and mass of Xenopus laevis egg extract spindles

    Franziska Decker et al.
    Quantitative microscopy and theory show that the size of Xenopus laevis egg extract spindles is controlled by a spatially-regulated autocatalytic growth mechanism driven by microtubule-stimulated microtubule nucleation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Internal amino acid state modulates yeast taste neurons to support protein homeostasis in Drosophila

    Kathrin Steck et al.
    Two different classes of taste receptor neurons in the Drosophila melanogaster proboscis play distinct roles in yeast feeding and are both modulated by the fly's internal amino acid state in order to promote protein-specific appetite.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Polycystin-2 is an essential ion channel subunit in the primary cilium of the renal collecting duct epithelium

    Xiaowen Liu et al.
    The primary cilia polycystin proteins, polycystin-1 and polycystin-2, affect cilia length in the kidney collecting duct epithelia, but only polycystin-2 is required for the functional ion channel in this organelle.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional role of the type 1 pilus rod structure in mediating host-pathogen interactions

    Caitlin N Spaulding et al.
    The helical rod structure and dynamic spring-like properties of the type 1 pilus are evolutionarily fine-tuned for functioning in host-pathogen interactions during urinary tract infection and gut colonization.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The synaptic ribbon is critical for sound encoding at high rates and with temporal precision

    Philippe Jean et al.
    The synaptic ribbon regulates calcium channel clustering and proper vesicle dynamics at cochlear inner hair cells to ensure precise sound encoding.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology

    Structure-based membrane dome mechanism for Piezo mechanosensitivity

    Yusong R Guo, Roderick MacKinnon
    Mechanosensitive Piezo channel induces local membrane curvature to mediate mechanical gating.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Piezo Ion Channels: Portraits of a pressure sensor

    Alexander T Chesler, Marcin Szczot
    Near atomic-resolution structures have provided insights into the mechanisms by which the Piezo1 ion channel senses and responds to mechanical stimuli.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Keratinocytes mediate innocuous and noxious touch via ATP-P2X4 signaling

    Francie Moehring et al.
    Keratinocytes are critical for normal innocuous and noxious touch through their mechanically evoked ATP release and subsequent signaling to P2X4 channels on sensory neurons.
    1. Cell Biology

    Heat stress promotes longevity in budding yeast by relaxing the confinement of age-promoting factors in the mother cell

    Sandro Baldi et al.
    To promote longevity under heat stress shares yeast aging factors with progeny through a down-regulation of the diffusion barrier in the membranes between the mitotic cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    An optimized method for 3D fluorescence co-localization applied to human kinetochore protein architecture

    Aussie Suzuki et al.
    An optimized 3D fluorescence co-localization method is a useful toolkit to obtain cellular 3D separations between green and red labeled protein domains with nanometer-scale accuracy using light microscopy.

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