1,167 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Striking parallels between dorsoventral patterning in Drosophila and Gryllus reveal a complex evolutionary history behind a model gene regulatory network

    Matthias Pechmann et al.
    Crucial functions of Toll signalling during dorsoventral axis formation might have evolved convergently in flies and crickets.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Generic injuries are sufficient to induce ectopic Wnt organizers in Hydra

    Jack F Cazet et al.
    Injuries activate the oral identity-specifying canonical Wnt signaling pathway in Hydra, which can trigger head regeneration in permissive tissue contexts created by the absence of pre-existing organizers.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids modulate microglia and promote Aβ plaque deposition

    Alessio Vittorio Colombo et al.
    Experiments in a mouse model for Alzheimer’s disease using germ-free and conventionally housed animals reveal that microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids promote the deposition of cerebral Aβ plaques.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Cell competition removes segmental aneuploid cells from Drosophila imaginal disc-derived tissues based on ribosomal protein gene dose

    Zhejun Ji et al.
    Cell competition is an important mechanism selecting against aneuploid cells.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Simultaneous trimodal single-cell measurement of transcripts, epitopes, and chromatin accessibility using TEA-seq

    Elliott Swanson et al.
    Simultaneous multimodal measurement of chromatin accessibility, gene expression, and protein expression provides a unified view of the molecular underpinnings of immune cell state in health and disease.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Graphical-model framework for automated annotation of cell identities in dense cellular images

    Shivesh Chaudhary et al.
    Unbiased and automatic annotation using structured prediction framework with efficiently built data-driven atlases is more accurate than registration-based methods for cell identifications in dense images and enables fast whole-brain analysis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    CEM500K, a large-scale heterogeneous unlabeled cellular electron microscopy image dataset for deep learning

    Ryan Conrad, Kedar Narayan
    'Cellular Electron Microscopy 500,000 images' (CEM500K) is a highly heterogeneous, information-rich, non-redundant, unlabeled EM dataset curated to pre-train DL algorithms for better model generalization on EM segmentation tasks.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Unmasking coupling between channel gating and ion permeation in the muscle nicotinic receptor

    John R Strikwerda, Steven M Sine
    Mutating a highly conserved intramembrane salt bridge unmasks structural and functional coupling between channel gating and ion permeation in the muscle nicotinic receptor.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Three-dimensional reconstruction of a whole insect reveals its phloem sap-sucking mechanism at nano-resolution

    Xin-Qiu Wang et al.
    3D reconstruction for an insect provides new internal structures at nanometer resolution, and the reconstructed feeding insect reveals unexpected contraction of stylet protractors and suggested a novel phloem sap-sucking model.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Systematic functional analysis of rab GTPases reveals limits of neuronal robustness to environmental challenges in flies

    Friederike E Kohrs et al.
    The first complete null mutant collection of all rab GTPase genes in a multicellular organism uncovers neuronal development and function sensitive to environmental challenges in Drosophila.

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