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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    TERRA regulate the transcriptional landscape of pluripotent cells through TRF1-dependent recruitment of PRC2

    Rosa María Marión et al.
    Telomeric TRF1 controls the transcriptional programmes of pluripotent stem cells by recruiting PRC2 to pluripotency and differentiation genes by controlling the expression of those gene sites and the binding of TERRA RNAs to them.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Nuclear receptor NR4A is required for patterning at the ends of the planarian anterior-posterior axis

    Dayan J Li et al.
    NR4A is a broadly conserved transcription factor that is required for concordance of patterning information and anatomy at both ends of the planarian anterior-posterior axis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Hox transcription factor Ubx stabilizes lineage commitment by suppressing cellular plasticity in Drosophila

    Katrin Domsch et al.
    The Hox transcription factor Ultrabithorax (Ubx) represses alternative gene programs during lineage development by lineage-specific Polycomb protein complex retention at Ubx-targeted chromatin sites.
    1. Neuroscience

    A valve-like mechanism controls desensitization of functional mammalian isoforms of acid-sensing ion channels

    Yangyu Wu et al.
    Three residues work together as a valve-like mechanism to control desensitization from pre-open and open states in the ion channels ASIC1a, ASIC2a, and ASIC3.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Dynamic repression by BCL6 controls the genome-wide liver response to fasting and steatosis

    Meredith A Sommars et al.
    B cell lymphoma 6 (BCL6) represses fasting gene expression by opposing peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARa) activity at enhancers, and its ablation protects against steatosis by enhancing fatty acid catabolism.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Homeostatic and tumourigenic activity of SOX2+ pituitary stem cells is controlled by the LATS/YAP/TAZ cascade

    Emily J Lodge et al.
    The LATS/YAP/TAZ cascade promotes SOX2+ pituitary stem cell fate and when over-activated, transforms normal stem cells into cancer stem cells.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A calcium transport mechanism for atrial fibrillation in Tbx5-mutant mice

    Wenli Dai et al.
    TBX5-loss associated cardiomyocyte ectopy and atrial fibrillation is prevented by augmentation of SERCA2 activity, establishing a mechanism underlying the genetic basis for a Ca2+-dependent pathway for AF risk.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Multifactorial processes underlie parallel opsin loss in neotropical bats

    Alexa Sadier et al.
    Parallel losses of short-wave light sensitivity in diverse bats occurred through independent changes at multiple steps in the conversion of genotype into functional phenotype, including pre-, during, and post-transcription.
    1. Neuroscience

    Evoked transients of pH-sensitive fluorescent false neurotransmitter reveal dopamine hot spots in the globus pallidus

    Jozsef Meszaros et al.
    Dopamine release within the mouse external globus pallidus, an area of very sparse innervation, is observed and described for the first time through a new technique: flashing false fluorescent neurotransmitters.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A novel enhancer near the Pitx1 gene influences development and evolution of pelvic appendages in vertebrates

    Abbey C Thompson et al.
    Regulatory sequences downstream of a key limb identity gene are required for normal sizes of leg bones, and are changed in wild species with dramatic alterations in pelvic structures.