59 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A novel enhancer near the Pitx1 gene influences development and evolution of pelvic appendages in vertebrates

    Abbey C Thompson et al.
    Regulatory sequences downstream of a key limb identity gene are required for normal sizes of leg bones, and are changed in wild species with dramatic alterations in pelvic structures.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The role of Pitx2 and Pitx3 in muscle stem cells gives new insights into P38α MAP kinase and redox regulation of muscle regeneration

    Aurore L'honoré et al.
    Modulation of muscle stem cell redox state in culture both improves their amplification while maintaining a similar grafting potential as freshly isolated stem cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The transcription factor Pitx2 positions the embryonic axis and regulates twinning

    Angela Torlopp et al.
    In higher vertebrates, the position of the embryonic axis (the location at which gastrulation starts) is determined by the transcription factor Pitx2, which suggests that the mechanisms of this process, and hence those that regulate twinning, are related to those that set up the left–right axis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Molecular shifts in limb identity underlie development of feathered feet in two domestic avian species

    Eric T Domyan et al.
    Feathered feet of pigeons and chickens result from a partial molecular and morphological transformation of legs to a wing-like identity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Combinatorial chromatin dynamics foster accurate cardiopharyngeal fate choices

    Claudia Racioppi et al.
    ATAC-seq, CRISPR/Cas9 mutagenesis, reporter and gene expression assays revealed dynamic chromatin accessibility profiles governing differential gene expression during heart vs. pharyngeal muscle fate choices in the powerful chordate model Ciona.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Primary cilia deficiency in neural crest cells models anterior segment dysgenesis in mouse

    Céline Portal et al.
    Primary cilia of neural crest-derived cells mediate Indian hedgehog-induced signal transduction in the periocular mesenchyme and are required for normal anterior segment development.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Transcriptional profiling reveals extraordinary diversity among skeletal muscle tissues

    Erin E Terry et al.
    There is no such thing as a representative skeletal muscle tissue, as each member of this family of tissues expresses a specialized mRNA program.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genome of the crustacean Parhyale hawaiensis, a model for animal development, regeneration, immunity and lignocellulose digestion

    Damian Kao et al.
    The first malacostracan genome sequence will establish the genetically tractable Parhyale hawaiensis as a model organism in this key animal group.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic specification of left–right asymmetry in the diaphragm muscles and their motor innervation

    Camille Charoy et al.
    Analysis of embryonic mouse diaphragm reveals muscle and nerve left–right asymmetries set by a Nodal-dependent genetic cascade, which imprints different molecular signatures to left and right motoneurons that shape their innervation pattern.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct modes of SMAD2 chromatin binding and remodeling shape the transcriptional response to NODAL/Activin signaling

    Davide M Coda et al.
    NODAL/Activin-induced SMAD2 binding directly drives remodeling of both open and closed chromatin and does not directly correlate with temporal patterns of gene expression upon prolonged signaling.

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