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    1. Neuroscience

    A cellular and regulatory map of the cholinergic nervous system of C. elegans

    Laura Pereira et al.
    Analyzing a map of all cholinergic neurons in the nematode C. elegans shows how these neurons are embedded in the C. elegans connectome and reveals the regulatory factors controlling their development.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    PROP1 triggers epithelial-mesenchymal transition-like process in pituitary stem cells

    María Inés Pérez Millán et al.
    The transcription factor PROP1 controls a genetic network that drives pituitary stem cells to undergo an epithelial-to-mesenchymal-like transition and differentiate.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of the head-trunk interface in tetrapod vertebrates

    Elizabeth M Sefton et al.
    Both gill musculature and the evolutionarily conserved cucullaris muscle are derived from unsegmented mesoderm adjacent to the first 3 somites, extending the posterior limit of cranial mesoderm.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct modes of SMAD2 chromatin binding and remodeling shape the transcriptional response to NODAL/Activin signaling

    Davide M Coda et al.
    NODAL/Activin-induced SMAD2 binding directly drives remodeling of both open and closed chromatin and does not directly correlate with temporal patterns of gene expression upon prolonged signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Kinesin-1 regulates dendrite microtubule polarity in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Jing Yan et al.
    A cellular motor protein helps to ensure that microtubules are oriented correctly within neuronal dendrites
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A terminal selector prevents a Hox transcriptional switch to safeguard motor neuron identity throughout life

    Weidong Feng et al.
    A molecular mechanism that involves highly conserved transcription factors enables cholinergic motor neurons of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to become and remain functional.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Homeostatic and tumourigenic activity of SOX2+ pituitary stem cells is controlled by the LATS/YAP/TAZ cascade

    Emily J Lodge et al.
    The LATS/YAP/TAZ cascade promotes SOX2+ pituitary stem cell fate and when over-activated, transforms normal stem cells into cancer stem cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    A valve-like mechanism controls desensitization of functional mammalian isoforms of acid-sensing ion channels

    Yangyu Wu et al.
    Three residues work together as a valve-like mechanism to control desensitization from pre-open and open states in the ion channels ASIC1a, ASIC2a, and ASIC3.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    LAST, a c-Myc-inducible long noncoding RNA, cooperates with CNBP to promote CCND1 mRNA stability in human cells

    Limian Cao et al.
    A c-Myc-transcribed long noncoding RNA namely LAST (LncRNA-assisted stabilization of transcripts) collaborates with a cellular factor CNBP to promote the stability of CCND1/cyclin D1 mRNA post-transcriptionally, ensuring the proper G1/Sphase transition of the cell cycle.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Embryonic origin of adult stem cells required for tissue homeostasis and regeneration

    Erin L Davies et al.
    Anarchic, cycling piwi-1+ embryonic cells gives rise to neoblasts, pluripotent stemcells required for development of all organ systems during S. mediterranea embryogenesis, as well as the maintenance andregeneration of tissues during adulthood.