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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    PGFinder, a novel analysis pipeline for the consistent, reproducible, and high-resolution structural analysis of bacterial peptidoglycans

    Ankur V Patel et al.
    PGFinder is an open-source software dedicated to the analysis of peptidoglycan mass spectrometry data that paves the way for peptidoglycomics.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Metabolic co-dependence drives the evolutionarily ancient Hydra–Chlorella symbiosis

    Mayuko Hamada et al.
    The symbiotic relationship between Hydra and Chlorella is driven by metabolic co-dependence and characterized by changes in the photobiont genome in terms of lack of genes essential in free-living algae.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Single-amino acid variants reveal evolutionary processes that shape the biogeography of a global SAR11 subclade

    Tom O Delmont et al.
    An in-depth metagenomic analysis of possibly the most abundant and widespread microbial lineage in the surface ocean teases apart evolutionary processes that maintain its genomic heterogeneity and biogeography.
    1. Ecology

    Genomic adaptations in information processing underpin trophic strategy in a whole-ecosystem nutrient enrichment experiment

    Jordan G Okie et al.
    Trait-based metagenomic analysis of an ecosystem fertilization experiment shows that genomic traits that affect the costs and rates of biochemical information-processing mediate community assembly.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural circuitry of a polycystin-mediated hydrodynamic startle response for predator avoidance

    Luis A Bezares-Calderón et al.
    The Platynereis startle circuit links polycystin-dependent hydrodynamic sensors to muscle and ciliary effector cells.
    1. Ecology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Nutrient levels and trade-offs control diversity in a serial dilution ecosystem

    Amir Erez et al.
    Whereas theories of ecological diversity mostly consider continuously supplied nutrients, a seasonal model uncovers a general mechanism that controls diversity and reconciles conflicting experimental findings.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Type XVII collagen coordinates proliferation in the interfollicular epidermis

    Mika Watanabe et al.
    Type XVII collagen, a transmembranous protein in basal keratinocytes, suppresses interfollicular epidermal proliferation in neonatal and aged skin, and helps rejuvenate epidermis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Gut bacterial aggregates as living gels

    Brandon H Schlomann, Raghuveer Parthasarathy
    A theory of gut bacterial aggregation produces a cluster size distribution that matches that of several strains observed in zebrafish, suggesting principles generally applicable to the vertebrate gut.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The horizontally-acquired response regulator SsrB drives a Salmonella lifestyle switch by relieving biofilm silencing

    Stuti K Desai et al.
    A response regulator acquired via lateral gene transfer has rewired an ancestral genetic circuitry and regulates alternative pathogenic lifestyles.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Inverse regulation of Vibrio cholerae biofilm dispersal by polyamine signals

    Andrew A Bridges, Bonnie L Bassler
    The global pathogen Vibrio cholerae monitors environmental polyamines to garner information about numbers of ‘self’ versus ‘other’ in the vicinity, and in response, to remain or disperse from biofilms.