6,319 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Offline replay supports planning in human reinforcement learning

    Ida Momennejad et al.
    fMRI evidence for off-task replay predicts subsequent replanning behavior in humans, suggesting that learning from simulated experience during replay helps update past policies in reinforcement learning.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Structural and functional characterization of G protein–coupled receptors with deep mutational scanning

    Eric M Jones et al.
    Linking deep mutational scanning with engineered transcriptional reporters in human cell lines establishes a generalizable method for exploring pharmacogenomics, structure, and function across broad classes of drug receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor planning under uncertainty

    Laith Alhussein, Maurice A Smith
    New evidence shows that when there is uncertainty about an action's goal the motor system creates a single action plan that optimizes task performance rather than averaging multiple potential plans.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The SERM/SERD bazedoxifene disrupts ESR1 helix 12 to overcome acquired hormone resistance in breast cancer cells

    Sean W Fanning et al.
    Bazedoxifene's SERD activities enable it to resist the impact of activating ESR1 mutations in breast cancer.
    1. Neuroscience

    The roles of online and offline replay in planning

    Eran Eldar et al.
    Replay of recently experienced trajectories during a decision task is coupled with more effective adaptation to change, whereas replay during rest is associated with limited decision making flexibility.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Crash landing of Vibrio cholerae by MSHA pili-assisted braking and anchoring in a viscoelastic environment

    Wenchao Zhang et al.
    Mannose-sensitive hemagglutinin pili act as a braking and anchoring machine during the three-phase landing process of Vibrio cholerae.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The inherent mutational tolerance and antigenic evolvability of influenza hemagglutinin

    Bargavi Thyagarajan, Jesse D Bloom
    Deep mutational scanning was used to comprehensively quantify the effects of mutations to influenza hemagglutinin and shows that the virus possesses a high inherent mutational tolerance at key antigenic sites.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Control of the structural landscape and neuronal proteotoxicity of mutant Huntingtin by domains flanking the polyQ tract

    Koning Shen et al.
    The polyQ tract of pathogenic Huntingtin causes aggregation when expanded in Huntington’s disease, but its two flanking domains control its conformational landscape, proteostasis and neurotoxicity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mapping the functional landscape of the receptor binding domain of T7 bacteriophage by deep mutational scanning

    Phil Huss et al.
    An unbiased mutational screen decodes the molecular basis of phage receptor interactions, identifies key functional regions determining activity and host range, and demonstrates the potential for engineering therapeutic phages.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Estrogen receptor alpha somatic mutations Y537S and D538G confer breast cancer endocrine resistance by stabilizing the activating function-2 binding conformation

    Sean W Fanning et al.
    Two common mutant versions of estrogen receptor alpha achieve constitutive activity and hormone-resistance by preferentially adopting a suite of conformations that expose the coregulator-binding surface.

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