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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A combination of transcription factors mediates inducible interchromosomal contacts

    Seungsoo Kim et al.
    A pooled mutational scanning approach for 3D chromosome conformation reveals how multiple transcription factors can jointly specify condition-specific genome conformations.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Birds land reliably on complex surfaces by adapting their foot-surface interactions upon contact

    William RT Roderick et al.
    When landing, Pacific parrotlets exhibit stereotyped leg and wing dynamics regardless of perch diameter and texture, but foot and claw kinematics become surface-specific upon touchdown to successfully grasp the perch.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The inherent mutational tolerance and antigenic evolvability of influenza hemagglutinin

    Bargavi Thyagarajan, Jesse D Bloom
    Deep mutational scanning was used to comprehensively quantify the effects of mutations to influenza hemagglutinin and shows that the virus possesses a high inherent mutational tolerance at key antigenic sites.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mapping mutational effects along the evolutionary landscape of HIV envelope

    Hugh K Haddox et al.
    Deep mutational scanning of Env proteins from two transmitted-founder strains of HIV shows how the accessible evolutionary space changes as the virus evolves.
    1. Neuroscience

    NUDT21-spanning CNVs lead to neuropsychiatric disease and altered MeCP2 abundance via alternative polyadenylation

    Vincenzo A Gennarino et al.
    Individuals with deletions or duplications of the NUDT21 gene have altered levels of MeCP2 protein and intellectual disabilities.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of the scanning and engaged states of the mammalian SRP-ribosome complex

    Rebecca M Voorhees, Ramanujan S Hegde
    Structures of the signal recognition particle before and after it captures a transmembrane domain suggest how it chooses, engages, and shields its clients during membrane protein targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum.
    1. Neuroscience

    Plasmon resonance and the imaging of metal-impregnated neurons with the laser scanning confocal microscope

    Karen J Thompson et al.
    A new method allows silver- and gold-labeled tissues to be imaged with confocal microscopy, avoiding the problem of fluorescence photobleaching.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Haplotypes spanning centromeric regions reveal persistence of large blocks of archaic DNA

    Sasha A Langley et al.
    Genomic polymorphism across centromeric regions of humans is organized into large-scale haplotypes with great diversity, including entire Neanderthal centromeres.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mutational scanning reveals the determinants of protein insertion and association energetics in the plasma membrane

    Assaf Elazar et al.
    Deep sequencing analysis quantifies the hydrophobicity of the plasma membrane and provides restraints for structure modeling of receptor homodimers to atomic precision.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Repair of naturally occurring mismatches can induce mutations in flanking DNA

    Jia Chen et al.
    The repair of spontaneous DNA damage can introduce mutators that lead to further genetic changes, which could underlie evolutionary change, disease and aging.