243 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Hidden shift of the ionome of plants exposed to elevated CO2 depletes minerals at the base of human nutrition

    Irakli Loladze
    Increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide reduce the mineral content but increase the levels of starch and sugars found in crop plants; which could exacerbate both obesity and malnutrition in some human populations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    A receptor-like kinase mutant with absent endodermal diffusion barrier displays selective nutrient homeostasis defects

    Alexandre Pfister et al.
    The SCHENGEN3 protein is needed for the progression of isolated microdomains into a continuous band, which is necessary for the establishment of the major extracellular diffusion barrier in plant roots: the Casparian strip.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Recreating the synthesis of starch granules in yeast

    Barbara Pfister et al.
    Yeast cells can be engineered to study starch, the semi-crystalline storage carbohydrate from plants that is central to human nutrition.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Two bifunctional inositol pyrophosphate kinases/phosphatases control plant phosphate homeostasis

    Jinsheng Zhu et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analysis of two enzymes reveals that inositol pyrophosphate signaling molecules allow plants to sense and regulate cellular phosphate levels, and to take up more phosphate when needed.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Paternal Effects: Like father, like son

    Claude Becker
    Exposing male mice to nicotine or cocaine enables their male offspring to cope with high doses of either, which suggests that such paternal effects are generic, rather than being a response to a specific type of stress.
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  1. Point of View: The sustainable professor

    Elizabeth S Haswell
    Responsible agricultural practices provide a useful lens through which to consider the lives and careers of researchers.
  2. Point of View: Unbridle biomedical research from the laboratory cage

    Garet P Lahvis
    Recent advances in technology now make it possible to carry out biomedical research on animals living in the wild, or captive animals living in naturalistic conditions.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics
    Maize illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Genetic, evolutionary and plant breeding insights from the domestication of maize

    Sarah Hake, Jeffrey Ross-Ibarra
    Comparing maize to its wild ancestor teosinte advances our understanding of how it and other cereal crops evolved, and also identifies the genetic variation that can contribute to important agricultural traits.
  3. Research Culture: A survey of travel behaviour among scientists in Germany and the potential for change

    Verena Haage
    A survey of scientists working in Germany reveals that most already travel to conferences in a sustainable manner and would be willing to make further changes to protect the environment.

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