377 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Plants regenerated from tissue culture contain stable epigenome changes in rice

    Hume Stroud et al.
    The use of tissue culture reduces the chemical modification of plant DNA, and this has lasting effects on gene expression in the plants and their descendants.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    MicroRNA-146a acts as a guardian of the quality and longevity of hematopoietic stem cells in mice

    Jimmy L Zhao et al.
    Chronic and excessive inflammation can lead to exhaustion of the supply of hematopoietic stem cells and to myeloid malignancies in mice, mimicking important aspects of the myelodysplastic syndrome found in humans.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The rise and fall of the Phytophthora infestans lineage that triggered the Irish potato famine

    Kentaro Yoshida et al.
    The strain of Phytophthora infestans that caused the Great Famine in the late 1840s was caused by a single genotype that is distinct from, but closely related to, the most prevalent modern genotype.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary principles of modular gene regulation in yeasts

    Dawn A Thompson et al.
    The divergence of gene regulation during evolution in yeast traces phylogenetic distance with prominent changes being associated with changes in lifestyle and a whole genome duplication event.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genomics: The early days of late blight

    Paul RJ Birch, David EL Cooke
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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genome sequence of the colonial chordate, Botryllus schlosseri

    Ayelet Voskoboynik et al.
    The Botryllus schlosseri genome yields insights into the evolution of hematopoiesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    TRiC’s tricks inhibit huntingtin aggregation

    Sarah H Shahmoradian et al.
    Cryo-electron tomography reveals how a chaperone protein called TRiC reduces the ability of pathogenic mutant huntingtin proteins to form aggregates.
    1. Cell Biology

    An essential and NSF independent role for α-SNAP in store-operated calcium entry

    Yong Miao et al.
    α-SNAP mediated rearrangement of Stim1 and Orai1 molecules within CRAC channel clusters is required for store-operated calcium entry.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Structure-based discovery of fiber-binding compounds that reduce the cytotoxicity of amyloid beta

    Lin Jiang et al.
    By using structural methods to screen compounds for their ability to interact with amyloid beta, researchers have identified small molecules that stabilize amyloid fibers and reduce the toxic effect of smaller aggregates on cells.
  1. Point of View: A recipe for mediocrity and disaster, in five axioms

    Henry R Bourne
    Biomedical research in the US will become unsustainable unless scientists and research institutions start to question certain assumptions they have long taken for granted.

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