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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transition between fermentation and respiration determines history-dependent behavior in fluctuating carbon sources

    Bram Cerulus et al.
    Live-cell microscopy and genome-wide screens reveal how slow transitions in metabolism can underlie metabolic memory, providing a model for organisms demonstrating similar history-dependent behaviour and routes to improve industrial microbes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial symbiont subpopulations have different roles in a deep-sea symbiosis

    Tjorven Hinzke et al.
    Physiological differentiation during symbiosis leads to division of labor between smaller and larger cells in an uncultured bacterial tubeworm symbiont population and results in remarkable metabolic diversity and complexity.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Cdc13 is predominant over Stn1 and Ten1 in preventing chromosome end fusions

    Zhi-Jing Wu et al.
    Cdc13 prevents chromosomes from end-to-end fusion.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Crl activates transcription by stabilizing active conformation of the master stress transcription initiation factor

    Juncao Xu et al.
    The cryo-EM structure of Escherichia coli Crl–TAC reveals the mechanism of DNA-contact-independent transcription activation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Optogenetic control shows that kinetic proofreading regulates the activity of the T cell receptor

    O Sascha Yousefi et al.
    Controlling the duration of ligand binding to the T cell receptor by light shows that T cells discriminate stimulatory from non-stimulatory ligands by measuring the dynamics of ligand binding.
    1. Plant Biology

    Building customizable auto-luminescent luciferase-based reporters in plants

    Arjun Khakhar et al.
    A fungal bioluminescence pathway can be reconstituted in planta to create luminescence in many plant species without external substrate addition, and be used to design customizable reporters of gene-expression.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A simple and effective F0 knockout method for rapid screening of behaviour and other complex phenotypes

    François Kroll et al.
    Zebrafish knockouts can be generated in a few hours directly from wild-type eggs and are suitable for studying continuous traits, including behaviour.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Plant Biology

    An oomycete effector subverts host vesicle trafficking to channel starvation-induced autophagy to the pathogen interface

    Pooja Pandey et al.
    A pathogen effector mimics starvation-induced autophagy by subverting host endomembrane trafficking to stimulate biogenesis of autophagosomes around pathogen feeding sites, revealing how pathogens interlock distinct host compartments to facilitate infection.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Simultaneous quantification of mRNA and protein in single cells reveals post-transcriptional effects of genetic variation

    Christian Brion et al.
    A CRISPR-based dual reporter assay enables genetic mapping of DNA variants that specifically affect mRNA or protein levels in trans.