4,640 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Integrated transcriptomic and neuroimaging brain model decodes biological mechanisms in aging and Alzheimer’s disease

    Quadri Adewale et al.
    Identification of causal genes and their effects on other biological determinants untangles the complexities of aging and Alzheimer's and can facilitate drug discovery for sustaining healthy aging and treating Alzheimer's.
    1. Developmental Biology

    HDAC1 SUMOylation promotes Argonaute-directed transcriptional silencing in C. elegans

    Heesun Kim et al.
    HDAC SUMOylation promotes the association of other chromatin remodeling factors with the nuclear Argonaute WAGO-9, which is required for de novo heterochromatin silencing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal complexity is attenuated in preclinical models of migraine and restored by HDAC6 inhibition

    Zachariah Bertels et al.
    In models of chronic migraine, neuronal complexity is diminished in head-pain processing regions but restored through HDAC6 inhibition, which increases tubulin acetylation and cytoskeletal flexibility, and CGRP receptor blockade.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    OPA1 deletion in brown adipose tissue improves thermoregulation and systemic metabolism via FGF21

    Renata O Pereira et al.
    Lack of OPA1 in BAT impairs its thermogenic activation and induces endoplasmic reticulum stress, while improving systemic metabolism and thermoregulation via ATF4-FGF21-dependent and -independent mechanisms.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    A convolutional neural network for the prediction and forward design of ribozyme-based gene-control elements

    Calvin M Schmidt, Christina D Smolke
    Machine learning has been applied to develop predictive models for designing RNA gene-control elements with targeted gene-regulatory activities.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Toxoplasma TgATG9 is critical for autophagy and long-term persistence in tissue cysts

    David Smith et al.
    ATG9-dependent autophagy is an essential pathway for long-term survival within the cyst in the parasite Toxoplasma gondii and could be exploited in future studies seeking interventions against persistent Toxoplasma infection.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Effects of an urban sanitation intervention on childhood enteric infection and diarrhea in Maputo, Mozambique: A controlled before-and-after trial

    Jackie Knee et al.
    Onsite sanitation maybe insufficient to interrupt transmission of enteric infections in high-burden urban settings, though risk of some infections may be reduced among children protected from birth.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Selection for increased tibia length in mice alters skull shape through parallel changes in developmental mechanisms

    Colton M Unger et al.
    Artificial selection for increased tibia length in mice made their skulls longer, narrower, and flatter, suggesting that even distant skeletal regions can evolve as correlated responses to selection acting locally.

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