677 results found
    1. Ecology

    Linking spatial patterns of terrestrial herbivore community structure to trophic interactions

    Jakub Witold Bubnicki et al.
    The spatial interactions between humans, large carnivores and herbivores cascade down in a complex but predictable way to lower trophic levels affecting regeneration of tree species in a temperate forest.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Ecology
    Chlamydomonas illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: From molecular manipulation of domesticated Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to survival in nature

    Severin Sasso et al.
    Dubbed the 'green yeast', the model alga C. reinhardtii has profoundly advanced many areas of biology, but much remains to be learnt about its life in the wild.
    1. Ecology

    Relative demographic susceptibility does not explain the extinction chronology of Sahul’s megafauna

    Corey JA Bradshaw et al.
    There is no relationship between the demographic susceptibility to extinction and the estimated extinction chronology among Sahul’s megafauna, suggesting that human choices, a species’ ecological requirements, and/or random climate variation instead determined the extinction chronology.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Plant defense phenotypes determine the consequences of volatile emission for individuals and neighbors

    Meredith C Schuman et al.
    Both the frequency of sesquiterpene-emitting individuals and the defense capacity of individual plants determine the consequences of sesquiterpene volatile emission for individuals and their neighbors in populations of the wild tobacco Nicotiana attenuata.
    1. Neuroscience

    Minimally dependent activity subspaces for working memory and motor preparation in the lateral prefrontal cortex

    Cheng Tang et al.
    The evidence of subspace computation in the lateral prefrontal cortex provides insights into the neural mechanisms underlying cognitive flexibility and interference between different cognitive processes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Extrinsic and intrinsic dynamics in movement intermittency

    Damar Susilaradeya et al.
    The rhythmicity in upper-limb tracking movements and associated population dynamics in primary motor cortex is explained by a feedback controller incorporating optimal state estimation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar patients have intact feedback control that can be leveraged to improve reaching

    Amanda M Zimmet et al.
    A control system model of cerebellar patients' movements provides insight into the cerebellum's role in reaching and informs a virtual reality intervention to improve patient reaches.
    1. Neuroscience

    Object vision to hand action in macaque parietal, premotor, and motor cortices

    Stefan Schaffelhofer, Hansjörg Scherberger
    The cortical grasping circuit separates but shares visual and motor processes to transform object attributes into appropriate hand movements.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Inbreeding in a dioecious plant has sex- and population origin-specific effects on its interactions with pollinators

    Karin Schrieber et al.
    Inbreeding compromises floral traits and reduces pollinator visitation rates disproportionally in female relative to male individuals in a dioecious plant and may thus interfere with the equilibrium of a complex co-evolutionary plant-insect relationship.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Herbivory-induced volatiles function as defenses increasing fitness of the native plant Nicotiana attenuata in nature

    Meredith C Schuman et al.
    A 2-year field study has demonstrated that volatile compounds produced by plants when they are attacked by herbivores act as defenses by attracting predators to the herbivores and increasing the reproduction of the plants.

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