626 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Cell-cycle-gated feedback control mediates desensitization to interferon stimulation

    Anusorn Mudla et al.
    Cell cycle gating enables a temporal compartmentalization of negative vs positive feedback control processes, leading to differential responses to repetitive interferon stimulations.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis for N-terminal alpha-synuclein acetylation by human NatB

    Sunbin Deng et al.
    The cryo-EM structure of the human N-terminal acetyltransferase NatB bound to a cognate N-terminal alpha-synuclein peptide reveals the molecular determinants of NatB-specific protein acetylation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Complement opsonization of HIV affects primary infection of human colorectal mucosa and subsequent activation of T cells

    Pradyot Bhattacharya et al.
    Complement opsonized HIV exposure gives rise to a colorectal mucosal environment with an initial suppressed antiviral response and increased infection of immune cells and altered activation of T cells.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mutational resilience of antiviral restriction favors primate TRIM5α in host-virus evolutionary arms races

    Jeannette L Tenthorey et al.
    Mutations in the TRIM5α retrovirus-binding interface frequently improve but rarely disrupt retroviral restriction.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Erasable labeling of neuronal activity using a reversible calcium marker

    Fern Sha et al.
    Protein engineering of a reversibly switchable fluorescent protein enables post-hoc reversible and repeatable marking of elevated calcium concentrations using blue light.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The NTP generating activity of pyruvate kinase II is critical for apicoplast maintenance in Plasmodium falciparum

    Russell P Swift et al.
    The pyruvate kinase contained in the apicoplast organelle of malaria parasites makes the nucleotide triphosphates required for several processes including transcription of the organellar genome.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Binding mechanism of the matrix domain of HIV-1 gag on lipid membranes

    Viviana Monje-Galvan, Gregory A Voth
    Unbiased molecular dynamics simulations reveal the insertion mechanism of the lipidated tail of the matrix domain of HIV-1 Gag into realistic membrane models and show its effect on lipid sorting.
    1. Neuroscience

    The effects of chloride dynamics on substantia nigra pars reticulata responses to pallidal and striatal inputs

    Ryan S Phillips et al.
    The effects of chloride homeostasis can explain diverse responses of basal ganglia output neurons to putatively inhibitory inputs and may tune these neurons' synchrony, oscillations and behavior in decision-making scenarios.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    3D virtual pathohistology of lung tissue from Covid-19 patients based on phase contrast X-ray tomography

    Marina Eckermann et al.
    Phase contrast X-ray tomography based on a combination of parallel and cone beam geometry extends conventional histology by a third dimension and enables full quantication of tissue remodeling in COVID-19.
    1. Cell Biology

    Splicing variation of BMP2K balances abundance of COPII assemblies and autophagic degradation in erythroid cells

    Jaroslaw Cendrowski et al.
    Erythroid-enriched BMP2K kinase, in addition to its predicted function in endocytosis, regulates distribution and abundance of COPII assemblies and autophagic degradation through opposing actions of its two splicing variants.

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