330 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The role of structural pleiotropy and regulatory evolution in the retention of heteromers of paralogs

    Axelle Marchant et al.
    Regulatory evolution allows paralogs to escape from strucural pleiotropy.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic variation in adaptability and pleiotropy in budding yeast

    Elizabeth R Jerison et al.
    Substantial heritable genetic variation in adaptability and the pleiotropic consequences of adaptation exists in budding yeast, and can be explained by a combination of fitness and specific segregating alleles.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Changes to social feeding behaviors are not sufficient for fitness gains of the Caenorhabditis elegans N2 reference strain

    Yuehui Zhao et al.
    Use of experimental manipulation demonstrates that social/solitary feeding behaviors are unrelated to the fitness gains conferred by causative alleles in two previously identified genes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Adaptive substitutions underlying cardiac glycoside insensitivity in insects exhibit epistasis in vivo

    Andrew M Taverner et al.
    Genome engineering and phenotyping in vivo reveal surprising new features of adaptive amino acid substitutions that were previously inaccessible.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Stimulus-selective crosstalk via the NF-κB signaling system reinforces innate immune response to alleviate gut infection

    Balaji Banoth et al.
    The integration of signals via the pleiotropic NF-kappaB (NF-κB) system enables microenvironmental cues to tune cellular responses to pathogenic substances.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Multiple short windows of calcium-dependent protein kinase 4 activity coordinate distinct cell cycle events during Plasmodium gametogenesis

    Hanwei Fang et al.
    CDPK4 is a pleiotropic regulator controlling initiation of DNA replication, mitotic spindle assembly and flagellar activation during the early stages of Plasmodium transmission.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    IRF4 haploinsufficiency in a family with Whipple’s disease

    Antoine Guérin et al.
    Autosomal dominant IRF4 deficiency is the first genetic etiology of Whipple's disease, a very rare chronic condition following a rather common infection by Tropheryma whipplei.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteasome storage granules protect proteasomes from autophagic degradation upon carbon starvation

    Richard S Marshall, Richard D Vierstra
    Proteasomes are protected from autophagic elimination upon carbon starvation by sequestration into cytoplasmic storage granules, which aid cell fitness by providing a cache of proteasomes that can be rapidly remobilized when carbon availability improves.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The fail-safe mechanism of post-transcriptional silencing of unspliced HAC1 mRNA

    Rachael Di Santo et al.
    The unspliced HAC1 mRNA does not give rise to detectable protein in budding yeast, despite its cytoplasmic localization, due to a two-part post-transcriptional silencing mechanism.
    1. Plant Biology

    A chloroplast retrograde signal, 3’-phosphoadenosine 5’-phosphate, acts as a secondary messenger in abscisic acid signaling in stomatal closure and germination

    Wannarat Pornsiriwong et al.
    Molecular signals from chloroplasts can synergistically interact with the plant hormone, abscisic acid (ABA), to regulate non-canonical signaling pathways mediating fundamental cellular processes including stomatal closure, seed dormancy and germination.

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