30 results found
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Plant Biology

    Hawkmoths evaluate scenting flowers with the tip of their proboscis

    Alexander Haverkamp et al.
    Building on previous work (Kessler et al., 2015), it is shown that long-tongued hawkmoths assess individual flowers by smelling floral odors with olfactory neurons on their proboscises, and that this close-range perception is crucial for successful pollination and foraging.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Pollination: Solar flower power

    Julia Bing, Danny Kessler
    Bumblebees use invisible temperature patterns on flowers to make foraging decisions.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Pollination: How to get the best deal

    Kelsey JRP Byers, Florian P Schiestl
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    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    The diversity of floral temperature patterns, and their use by pollinators

    Michael JM Harrap et al.
    Flowers of different plant species show distinct and highly diverse patterns of temperature across their surfaces, and bumblebees are able to differentiate between these previously unnoticed but widespread floral cues.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    How scent and nectar influence floral antagonists and mutualists

    Danny Kessler et al.
    Floral scent and nectar are highly variable in natural populations and both traits can influence outcrossing rates differently for different pollinators and increase future herbivory.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Genetic, evolutionary and plant breeding insights from the domestication of maize

    Sarah Hake, Jeffrey Ross-Ibarra
    Comparing maize to its wild ancestor teosinte advances our understanding of how it and other cereal crops evolved, and also identifies the genetic variation that can contribute to important agricultural traits.
    1. Ecology

    Acknowledging selection at sub-organismal levels resolves controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms

    Wenying Shou
    Building on previous work (Momeni et al., 2013), it is shown that recognizing the hierarchical organization of biological systems resolves the ongoing controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Herbivory-induced volatiles function as defenses increasing fitness of the native plant Nicotiana attenuata in nature

    Meredith C Schuman et al.
    A 2-year field study has demonstrated that volatile compounds produced by plants when they are attacked by herbivores act as defenses by attracting predators to the herbivores and increasing the reproduction of the plants.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    A complete toolset for the study of Ustilago bromivora and Brachypodium sp. as a fungal-temperate grass pathosystem

    Franziska Rabe et al.
    The establishment of Ustilago bromivora and Brachypodium as a biotrophic model system provides the foundation for studying new aspects of plant-pathogen interactions and for answering questions about fungal sex and speciation.
    1. Plant Biology

    Dynamic F-actin movement is essential for fertilization in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Tomokazu Kawashima et al.
    The movement of F-actin filaments, which is regulated by actin-myosin interactions together with a female gamete-specific Rho-GTPase, enables migration of the Arabidopsis sperm cell nucleus towards the female nucleus; which might account for the loss of centrosomes in flowering plants.

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