381 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 searches DNA via a ‘monkey bar’ mechanism

    Johannes Rudolph et al.
    By moving between DNA segments like a child swinging on monkey bars, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 explores possible DNA damage sites more effectively.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibiting poly(ADP-ribosylation) improves axon regeneration

    Alexandra B Byrne et al.
    In C. elegans and mouse neurons, the balance between poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolases and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases regulates axon regeneration downstream of DLK-1/MAPKKK signaling.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Exosome component 1 cleaves single-stranded DNA and sensitizes human kidney renal clear cell carcinoma cells to poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor

    Qiaoling Liu et al.
    EXOSC1 acts as an endogenous source of mutation inkidney renalclear cell carcinoma via cleaving single-stranded DNA.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Serine is the major residue for ADP-ribosylation upon DNA damage

    Luca Palazzo et al.
    Serine residues in proteins are the primary targets for PARP-dependent ADP-ribosylation signalling upon DNA damage.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    HPF1 and nucleosomes mediate a dramatic switch in activity of PARP1 from polymerase to hydrolase

    Johannes Rudolph et al.
    The polymerase activity of PARP1 is converted to hydrolase activity upon binding of Histone Parylation Factor 1 (HPF1) with nucleosome activators.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The interplay at the replisome mitigates the impact of oxidative damage on the genetic integrity of hyperthermophilic Archaea

    Tom Killelea et al.
    An investigation into 8-oxodeoxguanosine bypass by archaeal DNA polymerases.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Replication Study: Systematic identification of genomic markers of drug sensitivity in cancer cells

    John P Vanden Heuvel et al.
    Editors' Summary: This Replication Study has reproduced some parts of the original paper but other parts could not be interpreted.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Functional and mutational landscapes of BRCA1 for homology-directed repair and therapy resistance

    Rachel W Anantha et al.
    Systematic analyses of natural variants and artificial mutants establish functional landscapes of BRCA1 for homology-directed repair (HDR) and therapy resistance and identify the BRCA1-PALB2 interaction as a key control point for HDR pathway choice.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Chemical genetics and proteome-wide site mapping reveal cysteine MARylation by PARP-7 on immune-relevant protein targets

    Kelsie M Rodriguez et al.
    A combined chemical genetics, proximity labeling, and ADP-ribose site mapping approach shows that PARP-7 mono-ADP-ribosylates immune-relevant proteins on cysteine amino acids.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Sam68/KHDRBS1 is critical for colon tumorigenesis by regulating genotoxic stress-induced NF-κB activation

    Kai Fu et al.
    The nuclear protein Sam68 plays a role in the genotoxic stress-initiated "nuclear to cytoplasmic" activation of NF-κB and is involved in the development and survival of colon cancer.

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