131 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Inverse regulation of Vibrio cholerae biofilm dispersal by polyamine signals

    Andrew A Bridges, Bonnie L Bassler
    The global pathogen Vibrio cholerae monitors environmental polyamines to garner information about numbers of ‘self’ versus ‘other’ in the vicinity, and in response, to remain or disperse from biofilms.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Control of the polyamine biosynthesis pathway by G2-quadruplexes

    Helen Louise Lightfoot et al.
    An ensemble of conserved G2-quadruplex structures in the untranslated regions of messenger RNAs from genes in the polyamine bioysynthesis pathway sense polyamine levels and regulate polyamine synthesis in cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of mitochondrial translation

    Shintaro Aibara et al.
    Structural analysis of translating human mitoribosome illustrates elemental steps of translation in mitochondria.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Repurposing eflornithine to treat a patient with a rare ODC1 gain-of-function variant disease

    Surender Rajasekaran et al.
    Genetic sequencing has led to the increased diagnoses of rare diseases, strategies such as repurposing drugs and global metabolomics offer promise and bring hope to afflicted families.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Autophagy is a critical regulator of memory CD8+ T cell formation

    Daniel J Puleston et al.
    Autophagy is required for CD8+ T cell memory formation; in aged individuals autophagy levels are diminished, and increasing autophagy enhances their CD8+ T cell responses.
    1. Neuroscience

    AMPAR/TARP stoichiometry differentially modulates channel properties

    Federico Miguez-Cabello et al.
    A variable number of auxiliary subunit molecules (TARPs) accompanying AMPARs have a differential impact on channel behavior showing also striking differences between AMPAR subtypes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Relief of autoinhibition by conformational switch explains enzyme activation by a catalytically dead paralog

    Oleg A Volkov et al.
    A catalytically dead paralog activates its cognate enzyme through an allosteric mechanism that combined structural and phylogenomic analysis indicates arose through acquisition of a dimerization domain, suggesting a general model for how complex allostery evolves.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanistic basis of the inhibition of SLC11/NRAMP-mediated metal ion transport by bis-isothiourea substituted compounds

    Cristina Manatschal et al.
    The structural and mechanistic characterization of competitive inhibition of human DMT1 offers a promising route for the development of compounds for the treatment of iron overload disorders.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Screening of candidate substrates and coupling ions of transporters by thermostability shift assays

    Homa Majd et al.
    It is technically difficult to identify transport proteins, but here a method is presented that exploits the principle that they are stabilized in detergent solution when they bind their substrate.
    1. Neuroscience

    The rate of transient beta frequency events predicts behavior across tasks and species

    Hyeyoung Shin et al.
    Across species, tasks and recording modalities, the rate of transient neocortical beta frequency (15-29Hz) events strongly predicts perceptual ability, providing fundamental mechanistic insight, with implications for tracking and manipulating brain dynamics.

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