623 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The structure and dynamics of secretory component and its interactions with polymeric immunoglobulins

    Beth M Stadtmueller et al.
    The ectodomain of the human polymeric Ig receptor maintains a closed triangular shape that binds and excludes bacteria in mucosa, or opens to bind and transport polymeric Ig ligands across epithelial cells.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    High-molecular-weight polymers from dietary fiber drive aggregation of particulates in the murine small intestine

    Asher Preska Steinberg et al.
    Polymers from dietary fiber can control the aggregation of particulates in the murine small intestine in a manner qualitatively consistent with depletion interactions.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A switch in surface polymer biogenesis triggers growth-phase-dependent and antibiotic-induced bacteriolysis

    Josué Flores-Kim et al.
    Penicillin induces bacterial cell lysis by altering cell surface polymer biogenesis to cause the misactivation of a cell wall degrading enzyme.
    1. Neuroscience

    Constitutive activation of kappa opioid receptors at ventral tegmental area inhibitory synapses following acute stress

    Abigail M Polter et al.
    Rats exposed to a single stressful event experience days-long constitutive activation of the kappa opioid receptor at inhibitory synapses in part of the brain’s reward system, which increases their drug-seeking behavior.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Electrostatic lateral interactions drive ESCRT-III heteropolymer assembly

    Sudeep Banjade et al.
    ESCRT-III heteropolymers utilize non-specific lateral electrostatic interactions to recognize one another, which may enable the polymers to slide along one another and adapt to different curvatures.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Cell Biology

    Physical basis of large microtubule aster growth

    Keisuke Ishihara et al.
    Autocatalytic growth of a microtubule polymer network allows extremely large egg cells to self-organize and divide rapidly.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cis-interactions between Notch and its ligands block ligand-independent Notch activity

    William Hunt Palmer et al.
    Notch ligands expressed in the same cell as the Notch receptor are crucial to prevent accidental, ligand-independent Notch activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Polyglycerol-opioid conjugate produces analgesia devoid of side effects

    Sara González-Rodríguez et al.
    A novel opioid formulation producing analgesia similar to conventional opioids without permeation of blood-brain or intestinal barriers, thus precluding sedation, constipation and respiratory depression.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Compaction and segregation of sister chromatids via active loop extrusion

    Anton Goloborodko et al.
    Loop extrusion can robustly compact, segregate and disentangle mammalian chromosomes, suggesting it is a universal mechanism of genome folding during cell division.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Co-targeting the tumor endothelium and P-selectin-expressing glioblastoma cells leads to a remarkable therapeutic outcome

    Shiran Ferber et al.
    Treatment with precision nanomedicine in combination with an anti-angiogenic peptide enhance anti-tumor efficacy while minimizing toxicities in a pre-clinical glioblastoma model, making this approach a promising and important therapeutic alternative for patients.

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