18 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Interspecies interactions induce exploratory motility in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    Dominique H Limoli et al.
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa coordinates invasion and destruction of Staphylococcus aureus communities by modulating single-cell and collective motility.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    The orchestrated cellular and molecular responses of the kidney to endotoxin define a precise sepsis timeline

    Danielle Janosevic et al.
    Single-cell RNA-sequencing identifies the precise cellular and molecular events that occur along the sepsis timeline in the kidney, pointing to potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells mediate protective host responses in sepsis

    Shubhanshi Trivedi et al.
    Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, highly activated and dysfunctional in sepsis patients, contribute to tissue-specific cytokine responses that are protective against mortality during experimental sepsis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Inter-species population dynamics enhance microbial horizontal gene transfer and spread of antibiotic resistance

    Robert M Cooper et al.
    Killing their neighbors allows bacteria to steal genes, including antibiotic resistance genes, which we observed under a microscope, quantified, modeled, and predicted potentially guiding strategies to combat it.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Immunosuppression via adenosine receptor activation by adenosine monophosphate released from apoptotic cells

    Hiroshi Yamaguchi et al.
    Apoptotic cells release molecules to recruit macrophages, but do not cause inflammation because they also secrete AMP that functions as a ‘calm down’ signal.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genetically diverse uropathogenic Escherichia coli adopt a common transcriptional program in patients with UTIs

    Anna Sintsova et al.
    Conserved transcriptomic profile of uropathogenic E. coli in patients identifies an infection-specific metabolic state.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sepsis impedes EAE disease development and diminishes autoantigen-specific naive CD4 T cells

    Isaac J Jensen et al.
    Sepsis-induced numerical loss of naive autoantigen-specific CD4 T cells reduces host capacity to develop autoimmune immune disease, thereby demonstrating an intriguing relationship between infection and autoimmune disease.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Broad and direct interaction between TLR and Siglec families of pattern recognition receptors and its regulation by Neu1

    Guo-Yun Chen et al.
    Sialoside-based pattern recognition by Siglecs directly regulates toll-like receptor signaling and a sialidase inhibitor protects against endotoxemia.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An interbacterial DNA deaminase toxin directly mutagenizes surviving target populations

    Marcos H de Moraes et al.
    Interbacterial interactions can promote mutagenesis, and possibly adaptation, when intoxicated cells survive exposure to type VI secretion-delivered DNA deaminase toxins.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Identification of specific Tie2 cleavage sites and therapeutic modulation in experimental sepsis

    Temitayo O Idowu et al.
    Matrix metalloprotease (MMP)-14 cleaves Tie2 at three distinct sites within the fibronectin type-III (FN3) domain and its pharmacological blockade inhibits Tie2 pathological shedding to exert barrier protective effects.

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