124 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Microbiota functional activity biosensors for characterizing nutrient metabolism in vivo

    Darryl A Wesener et al.
    A method has been developed to characterize the expressed biochemical activities of gut microbial communities using retrievable, microscopic, fluorescent-labeled glass beads containing chemically bound surface biomolecules.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Recreating the synthesis of starch granules in yeast

    Barbara Pfister et al.
    Yeast cells can be engineered to study starch, the semi-crystalline storage carbohydrate from plants that is central to human nutrition.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Two mechanisms regulate directional cell growth in Arabidopsis lateral roots

    Charlotte Kirchhelle et al.
    In lateral roots, cells employ a novel pathway to cell edges to control directional growth, which acts independently of the leading paradigm of oriented deposition of cellulose microfibrils at faces.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Biofilms deform soft surfaces and disrupt epithelia

    Alice Cont et al.
    The growth of multicellular bacterial structures called biofilms generates forces that deform soft material substrates and disrupt epithelial cell layers, potentially mechanically damaging host tissue.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Mechanical instability and interfacial energy drive biofilm morphogenesis

    Jing Yan et al.
    Mechanical instabilities are shown to underlie the development of bacterial biofilm morphology, suggesting an ancient origin for mechano-morphogenesis, which is known to drive developmental processes in tissues in higher organisms.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Essential metabolism for a minimal cell

    Marian Breuer et al.
    A near-complete flux balance analysis model of a minimal cell demonstrates the high essentiality of its metabolic genes, agrees well with experimental essentiality data and suggests some further gene removals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Novel transgenic pigs with enhanced growth and reduced environmental impact

    Xianwei Zhang et al.
    Transgenic expression of glucanase, xylanase and phytase in pigs enhances growth performance and reduces nitrogen/phosphorus emission, and offers a very valuable biological strategy for sustainable resource utilization and environmental protection in the pork industry.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Quorum sensing controls Vibrio cholerae multicellular aggregate formation

    Matthew Jemielita et al.
    A quorum-sensing-controlled program of multicellularity, aggregation, is identified in Vibrio cholerae, which may be important for transitions between the marine niche and the human host.
    1. Cell Biology

    Integrin-based diffusion barrier separates membrane domains enabling the formation of microbiostatic frustrated phagosomes

    Michelle E Maxson et al.
    The diffusional barrier formed between phagocyte integrin and fungal glucans preserves the microbiostatic phagocytic environment generated during the frustrated phagocytosis of Candida albicans hypha.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolution of adhesiveness as a social adaptation

    Thomas Garcia et al.
    Mathematical modeling supports a scenario where cell-cell adhesion gradually evolves through natural selection, leading to the emergence of cohesive aggregates in microbial populations.

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