3,377 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Local processing in neurites of VGluT3-expressing amacrine cells differentially organizes visual information

    Jen-Chun Hsiang et al.
    Neurite arbors of VGluT3-expressing amacrine cells (VG3-ACs) process visual information locally uniformly detecting object motion while varying in contrast preferences; and in spite of extensive overlap between arbors of neighboring cells population activity in the VG3-AC plexus encodes stimulus positions with subcellular precision.
    1. Neuroscience

    Internal models for interpreting neural population activity during sensorimotor control

    Matthew D Golub et al.
    A novel analysis of neural activity recorded in monkeys performing a “brain-machine interface” task reveals that a mismatch between motor effectors and the brains’ internal models of those effectors can explain a substantial portion of movement errors.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Diversification of heart progenitor cells by EGF signaling and differential modulation of ETS protein activity

    Benjamin Schwarz et al.
    A novel regulatory model for the diversification of cardiac cell subpopulations in Drosophila is established by linking epidermal growth factor signaling with differential activities of key transcription factors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic modulation of activity in cerebellar nuclei neurons during pavlovian eyeblink conditioning in mice

    Michiel M ten Brinke et al.
    Conditioned olivocerebellar network activity elicits transient spike pauses and timed spike facilitation in the neurons of interposed nuclei that predicts and likely causes conditioned eyelid responses on a trial-by-trial basis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Physiological modulation of BiP activity by trans-protomer engagement of the interdomain linker

    Steffen Preissler et al.
    Interdomain linker-mediated oligomerization of the endoplasmic reticulum chaperone protein BiP responds to the unfolded protein burden
    1. Neuroscience

    Demixed principal component analysis of neural population data

    Dmitry Kobak et al.
    A new data analysis tool provides a concise way of visualizing neural data that summarizes all the relevant features of the population response in a single figure.
    1. Neuroscience

    Layer 2/3 pyramidal cells in the medial prefrontal cortex moderate stress induced depressive behaviors

    Prerana Shrestha et al.
    The well-established link between stress and depression could be due to the activity of a population of cells in prefrontal cortex that express a gene mutated in the rare disorder Wolfram syndrome.
    1. Neuroscience

    Atoh1-dependent rhombic lip neurons are required for temporal delay between independent respiratory oscillators in embryonic mice

    Srinivasan Tupal et al.
    The rhythmic patterns of activity that underlie breathing are generated and coordinated by distinct populations of neurons within the brainstem.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Beyond excitation/inhibition imbalance in multidimensional models of neural circuit changes in brain disorders

    Cian O'Donnell et al.
    Computational modeling and analysis of mouse neural population data finds that the excitation/inhibition imbalance theory of brain disorders is too limited to account for key changes in neural activity statistics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phasic and tonic neuron ensemble codes for stimulus-environment conjunctions in the lateral entorhinal cortex

    Maryna Pilkiw et al.
    Neuron populations in the lateral entorhinal cortex discriminate between memory-based contexts through both continuous "tonic" activity patterns as well as by their stimulus-evoked "phasic" responses.

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