5,500 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Eco-evolutionary dynamics of nested Darwinian populations and the emergence of community-level heredity

    Guilhem Doulcier et al.
    Artificial selection on communities drives the evolution of interactions and establishes community-level inheritance.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Neolithic and medieval virus genomes reveal complex evolution of hepatitis B

    Ben Krause-Kyora et al.
    Ancient hepatitis B virus (HBV) genomes were reconstructed from up to 7000-year-old Stone Age human skeletons, suggesting a long-time complex co-evolution with human populations.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Combining genomics and epidemiology to analyse bi-directional transmission of Mycobacterium bovis in a multi-host system

    Joseph Crispell et al.
    Analyses combining genomic and epidemiological data of Mycobacterium bovis, which causes bovine tuberculosis, revealed evidence of transmission within and between cattle and badger populations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Philosophy of Biology: The analysis of living systems can generate both knowledge and illusions

    Antony M Jose
    By thinking about experimental techniques in terms of six broad approaches – perturbation, visualization, substitution, characterization, reconstitution, and simulation – researchers may be able to generate more reliable inferences.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Phylogenetic divergence of cell biological features

    Michael Lynch
    Cell biological features are subject to stochastic forces of mutation and random genetic drift, which together cause lineages exposed to identical selection pressures to diverge, and mean phenotypes to deviate from expectations under optimizing selection.
    1. Ecology

    Extinction risk and conservation of the world’s sharks and rays

    Nicholas K Dulvy et al.
    One-quarter of the Chondrichthyes have an elevated risk of extinction, mainly as a result of overfishing.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional proteomic atlas of HIV infection in primary human CD4+ T cells

    Adi Naamati et al.
    Identification and characterisation of proteins and processes regulated by HIV in primary human CD4+ T cells using an HIV reporter virus for one-step, antibody-free magnetic selection.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An integrative genomic analysis of the Longshanks selection experiment for longer limbs in mice

    João PL Castro et al.
    Genome sequencing of mice selected for longer limbs reveals that rapid selection response is due to both discrete loci and polygenic adaptation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Independent amylase gene copy number bursts correlate with dietary preferences in mammals

    Petar Pajic et al.
    Comprehensive analyses of amylase duplications and salivary activity across mammals underscore the importance of recurrent copy number variation as a flexible and rapid evolutionary mechanism.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Adaptive evolution of nontransitive fitness in yeast

    Sean W Buskirk et al.
    A series of selective events, each improving fitness relative to an immediate predecessor, can result in organisms that are less fit compared to a distant ancestor.

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