918 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Length regulation of multiple flagella that self-assemble from a shared pool of components

    Thomas G Fai et al.
    In the microbe Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, a disassembly rate which depends on flagellar length provides an effective method to regulate the length of its two flagella.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Multiplex live single-cell transcriptional analysis demarcates cellular functional heterogeneity

    Ayhan Atmanli et al.
    A novel live-cell mRNA imaging technology identifies individual living cells based on their gene expression and enables the concurrent study of their physiology.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Retro-2 protects cells from ricin toxicity by inhibiting ASNA1-mediated ER targeting and insertion of tail-anchored proteins

    David W Morgens et al.
    Using a suite of CRISPR technologies, unique chemical tools, and carefully designed biochemical and cell biological assays, we define the mechanism of action of Retro-2, an inhibitor of retrograde toxins.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary loss of foot muscle during development with characteristics of atrophy and no evidence of cell death

    Mai P Tran et al.
    Evolutionary loss of foot muscle in a bipedal rodent shares similarities with skeletal muscle atrophy, which is typically considered a pathological response to injury or disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TMC1 is an essential component of a leak channel that modulates tonotopy and excitability of auditory hair cells in mice

    Shuang Liu et al.
    Other than its function in mechanotransduction, TMC1 is indispensable for action potential firing of auditory hair cells by mediating a leak conductance that alters tonotopically along the cochlea coil.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Obesity-linked suppression of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 7 (MBOAT7) drives non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    Robert N Helsley et al.
    Loss of function of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 7 (MBOAT7), but not transmembrane channel-like 4 (TMC4), promotes hepatic steatosis.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The mother’s risk of premature death after child loss across two centuries

    Unnur A Valdimarsdóttir et al.
    A large-scale, sibling-based analysis of the Icelandic population spanning two centuries demonstrates an increase in maternal mortality rates after child loss on both sides of a major demographic transition.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Screening identifies small molecules that enhance the maturation of human pluripotent stem cell-derived myotubes

    Sridhar Selvaraj et al.
    Treatment of human pluripotent stem cell-derived myotubes with a cocktail of small molecules induces their maturation, as shown by gene expression, biochemical and functional assays.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanisms of virus dissemination in bone marrow of HIV-1–infected humanized BLT mice

    Mark S Ladinsky et al.
    Large-volume light microscopy combined with higher-resolution electron tomography revealed the spatial distribution of virus-producing cells and highlighted mechanisms of HIV-1 dissemination in bone marrow from a small animal model.
    1. Neuroscience

    An image-computable model for the stimulus selectivity of gamma oscillations

    Dora Hermes et al.
    Gamma-band oscillations show striking differences in stimulus selectivity compared to fMRI and broadband field potentials in human visual cortex, and are explained by a novel, image-computable model.

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