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    1. Ecology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The fascinating and secret wild life of the budding yeast S. cerevisiae

    Gianni Liti
    The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has informed our understanding of molecular biology and genetics for decades, and learning more about its natural history could fuel a new era of functional and evolutionary studies of this classic model organism.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Adaptive Evolution: Can we read the future from a tree?

    Michael Lässig, Marta Łuksza
    Insight
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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Control of AMPA receptor activity by the extracellular loops of auxiliary proteins

    Irene Riva et al.
    Glutamate receptor auxiliary proteins exert their effects on receptor gating through two divergent extracellular loops, explaining subunit specificity and allowing the construction of null versions that form complexes normally but do not modify receptor gating.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An integrative genomic analysis of the Longshanks selection experiment for longer limbs in mice

    João PL Castro et al.
    Genome sequencing of mice selected for longer limbs reveals that rapid selection response is due to both discrete loci and polygenic adaptation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The Aquilegia genome provides insight into adaptive radiation and reveals an extraordinarily polymorphic chromosome with a unique history

    Danièle L Filiault et al.
    The evolution columbine genus involved frequent mixing between incipient species, and one chromosome appears to have taken its own path.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Minimal-assumption inference from population-genomic data

    Daniel B Weissman, Oskar Hallatschek
    The coalescent history of a population can be learned just from the present genomic diversity, without having detailed prior knowledge of the pattern of recombination or the forces driving coalescence.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Pervasive epigenetic effects of Drosophila euchromatic transposable elements impact their evolution

    Yuh Chwen G Lee, Gary H Karpen
    The ability of transposable elements to epigenetically influence adjacent genes impacts genome evolution by driving substantial variation in transposon numbers between species.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Reduced signal for polygenic adaptation of height in UK Biobank

    Jeremy J Berg et al.
    Many prior signals of polygenic adaptation on human height do not replicate in the UK Biobank.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Rapid evolution of the human mutation spectrum

    Kelley Harris, Jonathan K Pritchard
    Heritable mutations tend to occur within different DNA sequence contexts in different human populations, suggesting that DNA replication and repair often change in efficacy over only a few hundred generations of evolution.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    DNA methylation in Arabidopsis has a genetic basis and shows evidence of local adaptation

    Manu J Dubin et al.
    The adaptation of Arabidopsis plants to the local environment is linked to DNA methylation.