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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Huntingtin’s spherical solenoid structure enables polyglutamine tract-dependent modulation of its structure and function

    Ravi Vijayvargia et al.
    Structural and biochemical analysis of full-length huntingtin protein illuminates the impact of the polyglutamine region on its structure and function.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kin discrimination in social yeast is mediated by cell surface receptors of the Flo11 adhesin family

    Stefan Brückner et al.
    Structural, biophysical and physiological analysis reveals how yeast cell surface adhesins evolved to confer self-nonself discrimination in single cells and whole populations.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Reduced signal for polygenic adaptation of height in UK Biobank

    Jeremy J Berg et al.
    Many prior signals of polygenic adaptation on human height do not replicate in the UK Biobank.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Random-sequence genetic oligomer pools display an innate potential for ligation and recombination

    Hannes Mutschler et al.
    Random sequence RNA pools display an innate capacity for ligation and recombination, enabling them to “bootstrap” themselves towards higher compositional, informational and structural complexity.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global genome diversity of the Leishmania donovani complex

    Susanne U Franssen et al.
    Genomic data for the parasites that cause visceral leishmaniasis provides the first global picture of the diversity and evolution of the pathogen and the epidemiology of this fatal tropical disease.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Demographic reconstruction from ancient DNA supports rapid extinction of the great auk

    Jessica E Thomas et al.
    Reconstruction of great auk population dynamics suggests that hunting pressure alone could have been responsible for their extinction, demonstrating that even abundant, widespread species can be vulnerable to intense exploitation.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Association mapping from sequencing reads using k-mers

    Atif Rahman et al.
    Associations can be mapped using k-mer frequencies in sequencing reads without prior sequencing of a reference genome enabling detection of associations to variants of multiple types and outside of the reference.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    CRISPR-based herd immunity can limit phage epidemics in bacterial populations

    Pavel Payne et al.
    Bacteria can exhibit herd immunity protection against phages, which may play a significant role in their ecology and evolution.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Shearing in flow environment promotes evolution of social behavior in microbial populations

    Gurdip Uppal, Dervis Can Vural
    Shearing in fluid flow induces or enhances budding dispersal in microbial populations, resulting in stronger cooperative behavior.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Evolutionary dynamics of incubation periods

    Bertrand Ottino-Loffler et al.
    Evolutionary graph theory solves the longstanding puzzle of why diverse infectious diseases and cancers show similar (approximately lognormal) distributions of their incubation periods.