7,399 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit motif in the zebrafish hindbrain for a two alternative behavioral choice to turn left or right

    Minoru Koyama et al.
    Competition between neurons on the left and right sides of the brain drives the decision to turn left versus right in zebrafish, and potentially all vertebrates.
    1. Ecology

    A moth odorant receptor highly expressed in the ovipositor is involved in detecting host-plant volatiles

    Rui-Ting Li et al.
    A moth can detect plant volatiles using an odorant receptor expressing in its ovipositor, and this odorant receptor has a much higher expression level in the ovipositor than antennae.
    1. Neuroscience

    Evolutionary shifts in taste coding in the fruit pest Drosophila suzukii

    Hany KM Dweck et al.
    The evolutionary transition of the agricultural pest Drosophila suzukii to egg laying on ripe fruits was paralleled with several gustatory innovations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nonlinear circuits for naturalistic visual motion estimation

    James E Fitzgerald, Damon A Clark
    New computational models provide insights into how the insect brain estimates the speed and direction of movement.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Transmission of West Nile and five other temperate mosquito-borne viruses peaks at temperatures between 23°C and 26°C

    Marta S Shocket et al.
    Mechanistic, trait-based models for transmission of West Nile virus and observed incidence of human West Nile disease cases in the US both show optimal transmission at 24-25°C.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dissection of the in vitro developmental program of Hammondia hammondi reveals a link between stress sensitivity and life cycle flexibility in Toxoplasma gondii

    Sarah L Sokol et al.
    A derived stress response trait may have contributed to the emergence of a globally dominant and promiscuous parasite.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    High-resolution mapping of the neutralizing and binding specificities of polyclonal sera post-HIV Env trimer vaccination

    Adam S Dingens et al.
    HIV vaccine-induced binding and neutralizing antibody epitope specificities were mapped at high resolution directly from polyclonal sera, overcoming shortcomings in traditional serum mapping approaches and enabling highly detailed vaccine design.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Metazoan evolution of glutamate receptors reveals unreported phylogenetic groups and divergent lineage-specific events

    David Ramos-Vicente et al.
    The animal phylogeny of glutamate receptors indicates that vertebrate types do not account for all receptor classes originated during evolution, neither are they the pinnacle of a linear evolutive process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Balancing model-based and memory-free action selection under competitive pressure

    Atsushi Kikumoto, Ulrich Mayr
    People compete by trying to outsmart their opponents as long as they win, but show random behavior, and neural signs of suppressing knowledge about opponents’ strategies, when they lose.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bidirectional encoding of motion contrast in the mouse superior colliculus

    Jad Barchini et al.
    Two photon calcium imaging experiments show that excitatory and inhibitory neurons in the mouse superior colliculus are differentially modulated by the motion contrast between stimulus center and surround.

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