1,104 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The Chd1 chromatin remodeler shifts hexasomes unidirectionally

    Robert F Levendosky et al.
    Oriented hexasomes can be generated using the Widom 601 positioning sequence, which enables straightforward production of nucleosomes with asymmetrically modified H2A/H2B dimers.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The deca-GX3 proteins Yae1-Lto1 function as adaptors recruiting the ABC protein Rli1 for iron-sulfur cluster insertion

    Viktoria Désirée Paul et al.
    Two newly identified assembly factors for the ribosome-associated iron-sulfur protein Rli1 reveal a general mechanism for how the cytosolic iron-sulfur protein assembly (CIA) machinery recruits apoproteins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Electrostatic anchoring precedes stable membrane attachment of SNAP25/SNAP23 to the plasma membrane

    Pascal Weber et al.
    A step of contact establishment preceding stable membrane attachment by palmitoylation is identified.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolution-guided functional analyses reveal diverse antiviral specificities encoded by IFIT1 genes in mammals

    Matthew D Daugherty et al.
    Evolutionary innovation and turnover in the IFIT1 antiviral gene family has led to diverse repertoires of antiviral specificity across mammals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Defective RNA polymerase III is negatively regulated by the SUMO-Ubiquitin-Cdc48 pathway

    Zheng Wang et al.
    The SUMO-Ub-Cdc48 pathway is a novel regulatory mechanism of Pol III and a potential therapeutic target for Pol III-related human diseases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Lysine-14 acetylation of histone H3 in chromatin confers resistance to the deacetylase and demethylase activities of an epigenetic silencing complex

    Mingxuan Wu et al.
    Biochemical approaches reveal that an epigenetic histone deacetylase complex called CoREST is slow to deacetylate histone H3 lysine-14 in nucleosomes, and this inhibits demethylation of histone H3 lysine-4 by the CoREST complex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Hemi-methylated DNA regulates DNA methylation inheritance through allosteric activation of H3 ubiquitylation by UHRF1

    Joseph S Harrison et al.
    Epigenetic modifications to DNA can regulate E3 ubiquitin ligase activity in human cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    SIRT2 and lysine fatty acylation regulate the transforming activity of K-Ras4a

    Hui Jing et al.
    A new post-translational regulatory mechanism of K-Ras is identified, which expands the function of reversible protein lysine fatty acylation and offers new possibility to target the K-Ras oncoprotein.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Post-translational thioamidation of methyl-coenzyme M reductase, a key enzyme in methanogenic and methanotrophic Archaea

    Dipti D Nayak et al.
    Post-translational installation of thioglycine in methyl-coenzyme M reductase in the methanogenic archaeon Methanosarcina acetivorans is mediated by the tfuA-ycaO locus and stabilizes the protein secondary structure near the active site.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone H3G34R mutation causes replication stress, homologous recombination defects and genomic instability in S. pombe

    Rajesh K Yadav et al.
    Mutation of Glycine 34 to Arginine within the N-terminal tail of histone H3 alters post-translational modifications on Lysine 36 and is associated with a delay in replication restart, defective homologous recombination and an increase in genomic instability.

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