320 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The cryo-EM structure of the human uromodulin filament core reveals a unique assembly mechanism

    Jessica J Stanisich et al.
    Cryo-EM reveals that an unexpected domain separation in the zona pellucida module of uromodulin is required for its assembly to filamentous homopolymers that promote pathogen clearance in urinary tract infections.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    On the importance of statistics in molecular simulations for thermodynamics, kinetics and simulation box size

    Vytautas Gapsys, Bert L de Groot
    The use of adequate statistics is demonstrated to be an essential prerequisite to derive conclusions on thermodynamics and kinetics from molecular simulations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Responding to preconditioned cues is devaluation sensitive and requires orbitofrontal cortex during cue-cue learning

    Evan E Hart et al.
    The orbitofrontal cortex is necessary for learning about value-neutral sensory associations to impact subsequent model-based behavior.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Genomic architecture and evolutionary antagonism drive allelic expression bias in the social supergene of red fire ants

    Carlos Martinez-Ruiz et al.
    Analyses of allelic- and socially-biased gene expression reveal that suppressed recombination causes most of the expression differences in the social supergene, with only few differences due to socially antagonistic selection.
    1. Plant Biology

    The manifold actions of signaling peptides on subcellular dynamics of a receptor specify stomatal cell fate

    Xingyun Qi et al.
    A binary cell fate decision to be or not to be stomata is regulated by multiple peptide ligands, each triggering a unique subcellular dynamics of their shared receptor.
    1. Neuroscience
    Illustration of a hand and jigsaw puzzle

    Living Science: Theoretical musings

    Eve Marder
    The best theory papers help experimentalists to identify which of their results might be general and to plan a path through the maze of all possible future experiments.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A novel acidification mechanism for greatly enhanced oxygen supply to the fish retina

    Christian Damsgaard et al.
    A novel mode of oxygen delivery facilitated the adaptive evolution of vision in teleost fishes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Par protein localization during the early development of Mnemiopsis leidyi suggests different modes of epithelial organization in the metazoa

    Miguel Salinas-Saavedra, Mark Q Martindale
    Even though the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi develops polarized epithelial tissues, polarization is not mediated by the conserved mechanisms polarizing bilaterian and cnidarian epithelial cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Heterogeneous somatostatin-expressing neuron population in mouse ventral tegmental area

    Elina Nagaeva et al.
    The midbrain area for salience, reward and aversion in mouse brain harbours among the dopamine cells three subtypes somatostatin-expressing neurons that show combinatorial neurotransmitter phenotypes and interneuron properties.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Differentiating Drosophila female germ cells initiate Polycomb silencing by regulating PRC2-interacting proteins

    Steven Z DeLuca et al.
    Characterization of Drosophila female germ cell differentiation shows that nurse cells initiate Polycomb silencing by regulating Pcl and Scm levels to alter the biochemical properties of the PRC2 H3K27 methylase.

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