625 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    TrpML-mediated astrocyte microdomain Ca2+ transients regulate astrocyte–tracheal interactions

    Zhiguo Ma, Marc R Freeman
    Astrocyte microdomain calcium transients are mediated by TrpML, stimulated by ROS and tyramine, and mediate astrocyte–tracheal interactions in CNS gas exchange.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome streamlining in a minute herbivore that manipulates its host plant

    Robert Greenhalgh et al.
    The genome of a tiny tomato pest reveals mechanisms that underlie metazoan genome reduction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic and opioidergic regulation during anticipation and consumption of social and nonsocial rewards

    Sebastian Korb et al.
    Administration of dopamine and opioid receptor antagonists resulted in reduced reward anticipation (effort and increased negative facial reactions), but only administration of opioid antagonists resulted in reduced liking (facial reactions).
    1. Neuroscience

    Feeding state functionally reconfigures a sensory circuit to drive thermosensory behavioral plasticity

    Asuka Takeishi et al.
    Starvation modulates thermotaxis behaviors in C. elegans via functional reconfiguration of a sensory network by gut-brain signaling.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The identification of dual protective agents against cisplatin-induced oto- and nephrotoxicity using the zebrafish model

    Jaime N Wertman et al.
    L-mimosine and dopamine protect against cisplatin-induced oto- and nephrotoxicity in zebrafish and human cell line models.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    tTARGIT AAVs mediate the sensitive and flexible manipulation of intersectional neuronal populations in mice

    Paul V Sabatini et al.
    tTARGIT AAVs offer a new approach to manipulate intersectional populations that produce selective and robust transgene expression and are easily modified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Specialized contributions of mid-tier stages of dorsal and ventral pathways to stereoscopic processing in macaque

    Toshihide W Yoshioka et al.
    Visual area MT signals binocular disparity quickly and robustly, whereas area V4 or its upstream area transforms the nature of the signals to derive a more sophisticated depth representation.
    1. Medicine

    The tricuspid valve also maladapts as shown in sheep with biventricular heart failure

    William D Meador et al.
    Demonstrating the tricuspid valve maladapts is critical, and understanding its regurgitation may aid in developing better treatment strategies.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Odd-paired is a pioneer-like factor that coordinates with Zelda to control gene expression in embryos

    Theodora Koromila et al.
    The gene Odd-paired is a late-acting regulator of zygotic gene expression, functioning coordinately with Zelda to influence chromatin accessibility and affecting genes expressed along both axes of Drosophila embryos.
    1. Neuroscience

    Confidence predicts speed-accuracy tradeoff for subsequent decisions

    Kobe Desender et al.
    Neural coding of previous-trial confidence affects current decision policy.

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