Direct insular recordings in humans reveal that contrary to several prominent models of speech production, it is not engaged in pre-articulatory planning, but in auditory and somatosensory components of speech.
Virtual lesions of the left posterior inferior frontal gyrus in patients with lesions in the left temporo-parietal cortex disrupt phonologial decisions and lead to compensatory upregulation of the lesion homologue.
The aged human auditory cortex shows preserved tonotopy, but temporal modulations are represented with a markedly broader tuning, highlighting decreased temporal selectivity as a hallmark of the aging auditory cortex.
The beneficial contribution of a language network for a specific function depends on the level of functional disruption and may reflect the differential compensatory potential of distinct language networks.
Both bottom-up and top-down processing are involved in the occipital-temporal face network, with the top-down modulation more extensively engaged when available information is sparse in the face images.