2,265 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Comparison of transcriptional initiation by RNA polymerase II across eukaryotic species

    Natalia Petrenko, Kevin Struhl
    Although the preinitiation complex for transcriptional initiation by RNA polymerase II contains highly conserved general transcription factors, there are kinetic and compositional differences in the initiation process among eukaryotic species.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Witnessing the structural evolution of an RNA enzyme

    Xavier Portillo et al.
    An RNA enzyme is caught in the act of evolving a new structural domain within its active site, resulting in enhanced catalytic function.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Environmental fluctuations reshape an unexpected diversity-disturbance relationship in a microbial community

    Christopher P Mancuso et al.
    Laboratory experiments using a microbial community and mathematical modeling reveal how environmental disturbances can predictably alter the diversity and composition of an ecosystem.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoding the brain state-dependent relationship between pupil dynamics and resting state fMRI signal fluctuation

    Filip Sobczak et al.
    The variability of the pupil–fMRI relationship was characterized through a combination of clustering and prediction methods, which revealed brain state-specific subcortical and neuromodulatory activation patterns reflected in pupil dynamics.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Integrin α5β1 nano-presentation regulates collective keratinocyte migration independent of substrate rigidity

    Jacopo Di Russo et al.
    The use of nanopatterned hydrogels and specific integrin α5β1 peptidomimetic revealed that keratinocytes require an optimum inter-ligand spacing to best propagate intercellular forces and efficiently coordinate cell sheet migration.
  1. Research Culture: Creating SPACE to evolve academic assessment

    Ruth Schmidt et al.
    The San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA) has developed a new tool called SPACE to support universities and institutions working to improve the assessment of research.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dorsal premammillary projection to periaqueductal gray controls escape vigor from innate and conditioned threats

    Weisheng Wang et al.
    Activity in the hypothalamic dorsal premammillary nucleus predicts future escape from threat, represents escape velocity, and controls escape velocity via a projection to the brainstem.
    1. Neuroscience

    A unified platform to manage, share, and archive morphological and functional data in insect neuroscience

    Stanley Heinze et al.
    The InsectBrain Database is a novel, freely available software tool designed to accelerate research in the field of insect neuroscience and to improve implementation of open data concepts.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Physiology and ecology combine to determine host and vector importance for Ross River virus

    Morgan P Kain et al.
    The role host and vector species play in pathogen transmission cycles is best quantified by integrating species' physiological and ecological competence.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cytosolic aggregation of mitochondrial proteins disrupts cellular homeostasis by stimulating the aggregation of other proteins

    Urszula Nowicka et al.
    Defective mitochondrial protein import results in protein aggregation and a specific chaperone response in the cytosol, causatively linking mitochondrial function and cellular protein homeostasis disturbances observed in neurodegeneration.

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