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    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational changes in twitchin kinase in vivo revealed by FRET imaging of freely moving C. elegans

    Daniel Porto et al.
    Quantitative FRET imaging in moving C. elegans shows that stretch-unfolding of twitchin kinase occurs in the active muscle, whereby mechanical activity titrates the signaling pathway of this cytoskeletal kinase.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Microglia and CD206+ border-associated mouse macrophages maintain their embryonic origin during Alzheimer’s disease

    Xiaoting Wu et al.
    Inducible fate-mapping analysis demonstrates that neither microglia, CD11c+ activated microglia nor border-associated macrophages are replenished by bone marrow-derived cells in Alzheimer’s disease.
    1. Cell Biology

    Modelling the impact of decidual senescence on embryo implantation in human endometrial assembloids

    Thomas M Rawlings et al.
    The study of embryo-endometrial interactions in assembloid co-cultures identifies novel mechanisms of reproductive failure.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Parallel evolution between genomic segments of seasonal human influenza viruses reveals RNA-RNA relationships

    Jennifer E Jones et al.
    Phylogenetic relationships between viral RNA segments are distinct between subtypes and lineages of seasonal human influenza A viruses and implicate RNA-RNA relationships as novel drivers of influenza virus evolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early life experience sets hard limits on motor learning as evidenced from artificial arm use

    Roni O Maimon-Mor et al.
    Biological- or artificial-arm experience during early development has a significant effect on artificial-arm motor control in adulthood, providing evidence for limited sensorimotor plasticity beyond childhood.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    RNA Viruses: What leads to parallel evolution?

    Debapriyo Chakraborty
    The repeated emergence of similar variants of influenza virus is linked to interactions between the virus’s RNA segments.
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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    An XRCC4 mutant mouse, a model for human X4 syndrome, reveals interplays with Xlf, PAXX, and ATM in lymphoid development

    Benoit Roch et al.
    A viable separation of function XRCC4 knock-in mutant mouse model recapitulates some aspects of XRCC4 deficiency in humans, notably the absence of immune deficiency.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Gut bacterial aggregates as living gels

    Brandon H Schlomann, Raghuveer Parthasarathy
    A theory of gut bacterial aggregation produces a cluster size distribution that matches that of several strains observed in zebrafish, suggesting principles generally applicable to the vertebrate gut.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Human embryo polarization requires PLC signaling to mediate trophectoderm specification

    Meng Zhu et al.
    Functional analyses of in vitro fertilized, preimplanation human embryos reveal that the first lineage segregation depends on cell polarization signaling that is regulated by Phospholipase C (PLC) activity.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The transcription factor Xrp1 is required for PERK-mediated antioxidant gene induction in Drosophila

    Brian Brown et al.
    The transcription factor Xrp1 mediates a previously unrecognized branch of stress-response signaling, specifically as a downstream effector of eIF2alpha kinases.