Serotonin neurons in chronically isolated mice become less responsive to excitatory stimulation, but inhibiting a distinctive calcium-activated potassium channel can restore both neuronal activity and behavior.
Oligodendrocytes in white matter use Kir4.1 inwardly rectifying potassium channels to prevent extracellular potassium accumulation, enabling neurons to sustain repetitive firing and limiting the initiation of seizures.
The mammalian potassium channel KCa3.1, which is important for T- and B-cell activation, is inhibited by cytoplasmic copper, mediated by a histidine residue (His358) that is phosphorylated to activate the channel.
Expression of the isolated voltage sensing domain significantly alters its structural conformation as well as its gating kinetics, indicating the importance of studying the biological assembly in its entirety.
Single-particle cryo-electron microscopy reveals the first subnanometer structure of ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels, which provides insight into the structural mechanisms of channel assembly and gating.