289 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    mRNA vaccination in people over 80 years of age induces strong humoral immune responses against SARS-CoV-2 with cross neutralization of P.1 Brazilian variant

    Helen Parry et al.
    The BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine is highly effective at generating immune responses in people over the age of 80 years and provides good cross neutralization of the P.1 gamma variant of concern.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Effects of common mutations in the SARS-CoV-2 Spike RBD and its ligand, the human ACE2 receptor on binding affinity and kinetics

    Michael I Barton et al.
    Common variants of the SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein and its ligand, the human ACE2 receptor, increase the binding affinity, suggesting that they could increase viral transmissibility.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Evolution of pathogen tolerance and emerging infections: A missing experimental paradigm

    Srijan Seal et al.
    An integrated empirical paradigm tracing immune strategies, underlying mechanisms and infection outcomes across reservoir host-pathogen systems, their specific ecological contexts, life-history features, and coevolutionary dynamics can reveal the actual patterns and processes underlying spillover in the wild.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Spinal lumbar dI2 interneurons contribute to stability of bipedal stepping

    Baruch Haimson et al.
    Spinal dI2 interneurons relay peripheral and intraspinal feedback to premotor networks in the spinal cord and the cerebellum to ensure the stability of bipedal stepping.
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    1. Ecology

    Gaps in global wildlife trade monitoring leave amphibians vulnerable

    Alice C Hughes et al.
    Almost 98% of amphibian species have no regulation on their international trade, yet as 17% (1215 species) are in trade with 45% of individuals coming from the wild, including 445 Endangered/Data Deficient species, this poses a risk to species survival.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Co-circulation of multiple influenza A reassortants in swine harboring genes from seasonal human and swine influenza viruses

    Pia Ryt-Hansen et al.
    The abundance and complex genetic diversity of swIAV were documented and the zoonotic potential evaluated.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Role of direct and indirect social and spatial ties in the diffusion of HIV and HCV among people who inject drugs: a cross-sectional community-based network analysis in New Delhi, India

    Steven J Clipman et al.
    Beyond well-recognized individual-level risk factors, HIV and hepatitis C transmission among people who inject drugs are further impacted by social and spatial network composition, and spaces in particular may represent efficient means for disseminating interventions that diffuse through the network.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    CTP and parS coordinate ParB partition complex dynamics and ParA-ATPase activation for ParABS-mediated DNA partitioning

    James A Taylor et al.
    CTP and centromere-like parS-DNA act synergistically and catalytically to activate ParB, which remains activated after leaving parS to tune ParA–ParB and ParB–ParB interaction dynamics for robust ParABS-mediated F-plasmid DNA segregation.

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