158 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine and opioid systems interact within the nucleus accumbens to maintain monogamous pair bonds

    Shanna L Resendez et al.
    The neural mechanisms that underlie the maintenance of social bonds between prairie voles suggest that social support networks may be a powerful way of treating addiction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brain functional networks associated with social bonding in monogamous voles

    M Fernanda López-Gutiérrez et al.
    Brain functional connectivity shows a neurobiological predisposition to social bonding, and network-wide changes occur as a result of cohabitation in the prairie vole.
    1. Neuroscience

    Eco-HAB as a fully automated and ecologically relevant assessment of social impairments in mouse models of autism

    Alicja Puścian et al.
    An innovative, fully computerized approach for measuring spontaneous social behavior in mice closely follows murine ethology, eliminates crucial sources of data irreproducibility and enables fast, inexpensive assessment of sociability in group-housed subjects.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The transpeptidase PBP2 governs initial localization and activity of the major cell-wall synthesis machinery in E. coli

    Gizem Özbaykal et al.
    For initiation of cell-wall insertion, the cross-linking enzyme PBP2 stably binds to a component of the cell envelope that is different from MreB filaments.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Class-A penicillin binding proteins do not contribute to cell shape but repair cell-wall defects

    Antoine Vigouroux et al.
    Class-A penicillin-binding proteins are dispensable for rod-like cell-shape but essential for mechanical integrity by sensing and repairing cell-wall defects locally, as investigated in the model system Escherichia coli.
    1. Cell Biology

    BUB-1 promotes amphitelic chromosome biorientation via multiple activities at the kinetochore

    Frances Edwards et al.
    During chromosome segregation, BUB-1 performs multiple roles.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    EPHX1 mutations cause a lipoatrophic diabetes syndrome due to impaired epoxide hydrolysis and increased cellular senescence

    Jeremie Gautheron et al.
    Disruption of epoxide hydrolysis inducing oxidative stress and cellular senescence is a novel mechanism responsible for lipoatrophic monogenic diabetes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Regulation of human mTOR complexes by DEPTOR

    Matthias Wälchli et al.
    Structural and functional analysis reveals the mechanistic basis for mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-dependent roles of DEP domain-containing mTOR interacting protein (DEPTOR) in cancer and metabolic regulation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Constitutive activation of cellular immunity underlies the evolution of resistance to infection in Drosophila

    Alexandre B Leitão et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomics of immune cells demonstrates that populations evolve inducible defences when infection rates are low and constitutive defences when infection is common.
    1. Neuroscience

    Elementary sensory-motor transformations underlying olfactory navigation in walking fruit-flies

    Efrén Álvarez-Salvado et al.
    A high-throughput behavioral paradigm and computational modeling are used to decompose olfactory navigation in walking Drosophila melanogaster into a set of quantitative relationships between sensory input and motor output.

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