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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Vilya, a component of the recombination nodule, is required for meiotic double-strand break formation in Drosophila

    Cathleen M Lake et al.
    The Zip3-like protein Vilya links the initiation of meiotic recombination with crossover formation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The MAP kinase pathway coordinates crossover designation with disassembly of synaptonemal complex proteins during meiosis

    Saravanapriah Nadarajan et al.
    Coordination between crossover designation and synaptonemal complex disassembly is executed via a conserved MAP kinase pathway and is critical for accurate chromosome segregation during meiosis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Nonenzymatic copying of RNA templates containing all four letters is catalyzed by activated oligonucleotides

    Noam Prywes et al.
    Nonenzymatic polymerization can copy templates containing all four RNA monomers, a prerequisite for the transition to the RNA world.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Pivotal role for skin transendothelial radio-resistant anti-inflammatory macrophages in tissue repair

    Olga Barreiro et al.
    A new type of skin perivascular macrophages with extramedullary origin, access to blood and exclusive anti-inflammatory reparative properties has been characterized.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A widely employed germ cell marker is an ancient disordered protein with reproductive functions in diverse eukaryotes

    Michelle A Carmell et al.
    GCNA proteins comprise a previously unnoticed family of proteins that has been enriched in cells carrying a heritable genome since the invention of sexual reproduction in eukaryotes, and has had reproductive function for at least 600 million years.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Insight into the evolution of microbial metabolism from the deep-branching bacterium, Thermovibrio ammonificans

    Donato Giovannelli et al.
    The genome of Thermovibrio ammonificans encodes ancestral pathways (e.g., hydrogen oxidation) and more recently acquired ones (e.g., nitrate reduction) and a hybrid pathway for CO2 fixation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota regulates visceral pain in the mouse

    Pauline Luczynski et al.
    Determining that microbiota-deficient mice have increased visceral pain, which can be reversed by restoring microbiota, may lead to novel microbial-based strategies for disorders associated with visceral pain.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Exploiting CRISPR-Cas to manipulate Enterococcus faecalis populations

    Karthik Hullahalli et al.
    Conflicts between CRISPR-Cas systems and antibiotic resistance plasmids can be exploited to selectively eliminate antibiotic resistance from Enterococcus faecalis populations.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Extensive horizontal gene transfer in cheese-associated bacteria

    Kevin S Bonham et al.
    The identification of horizontally transferred genes, and commonly transferred functions, can provide a window into the selective forces acting on species within an ecosystem.
    1. Ecology

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.