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    1. Neuroscience

    How prior preferences determine decision-making frames and biases in the human brain

    Alizée Lopez-Persem et al.
    Model-based analyses of choice behavior and fMRI activity revealed that prior preferences generate default policies, which frame the decision value signal encoded in the vmPFC, and shift vmPFC pre-choice activity so as to induce a decision bias toward default options.
    1. Neuroscience

    Serial, parallel and hierarchical decision making in primates

    Ariel Zylberberg et al.
    A comparison between hierarchical and flat models of decision-making refutes flat models because they lack flexibility and are not supported by behavioral and neural data.
    1. Neuroscience

    Value-based attentional capture affects multi-alternative decision making

    Sebastian Gluth et al.
    Speeded value-based decisions between two options can be affected by a third, high-value distractor that captures attention and slows down the choice process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic modulation of the exploration/exploitation trade-off in human decision-making

    Karima Chakroun et al.
    Dopamine attenuates exploration during decision-making via a reduction of neural tracking of uncertainty.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human subthalamic nucleus activity during non-motor decision making

    Baltazar A Zavala et al.
    Intraoperative human brain recordings during a memory task reveal that when participants inhibit memory formation, the subthalamic nucleus shows higher beta power and beta coherence with areas of the lateral cortex implicated in memory processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    A new model of decision processing in instrumental learning tasks

    Steven Miletić et al.
    A new model is presented to simultaneously study the latent cognitive processes underlying decision making and instrumental learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    The influence of evidence volatility on choice, reaction time and confidence in a perceptual decision

    Ariel Zylberberg et al.
    A single framework of bounded evidence accumulation resolves the seemingly paradoxical effects of noise on accuracy, reaction time and confidence.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Probing the decision-making mechanisms underlying choice between drug and nondrug rewards in rats

    Youna Vandaele et al.
    In a drug choice setting, rats’ preference is initially driven by deliberative processes but shifts to more automatic selection processes after extended training, in accordance with the sequential choice model.
    1. Neuroscience

    The role of oxytocin in delay of gratification and flexibility in non-social decision making

    Georgia Eleni Kapetaniou et al.
    Oxytocin was found to significantly improve non-social decision making in a healthy sample, suggesting a domain-general function of the hormone, in contrast to its previously hypothesized social domain specificity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optimal multisensory decision-making in a reaction-time task

    Jan Drugowitsch et al.
    Through a combination of modeling and experiments it is shown that humans can near-optimally accumulate decision-related evidence across time and cues even when reaction time is under their control.