300 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dendritic cells loaded with FK506 kill T cells in an antigen-specific manner and prevent autoimmunity in vivo

    Dana E Orange et al.
    By using immune cells called dendritic cells to deliver drugs, it is possible to target and kill specific members of another class of immune cell, known as T cells, and to prevent these cells from attacking the body's own tissues in cases of autoimmune disease.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Overcoming mutation-based resistance to antiandrogens with rational drug design

    Minna D Balbas et al.
    Mutagenesis studies identified an androgen receptor mutation that converts enzalutamide-a drug recently approved for the treatment of advanced prostate cancer-into an androgen receptor agonist, and modeling studies informed the design of novel drugs that are effective against the mutant receptor.
  1. Point of View: Making science count in government

    Ian Boyd
    Science is an essential component of policy-making in most areas of government, but the scientific community does not always understand its role in this process.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Global cellular response to chemotherapy-induced apoptosis

    Arun P Wiita et al.
    The simultaneous monitoring of transcription, translational control, protein production and proteolysis in the same system can improve our understanding of how cancer cells respond to chemotherapy.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mechanism and preclinical prevention of increased breast cancer risk caused by pregnancy

    Svasti Haricharan et al.
    The transcription factor STAT5 mediates the increased breast cancer risk associated with a late age pregnancy, but intermittent anti-STAT5 treatment can lower this risk and thus prevent breast cancer.
    1. Neuroscience

    Criticality and degeneracy in injury-induced changes in primary afferent excitability and the implications for neuropathic pain

    Stéphanie Ratté et al.
    No single molecular change is uniquely necessary to cause neuropathic changes in primary afferent excitability; multiple different changes are sufficient.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Resveratrol modulates the inflammatory response via an estrogen receptor-signal integration network

    Jerome C Nwachukwu et al.
    Anti-inflammatory effects of resveratrol are mediated by the estrogen receptor to coordinate a complex array of transcriptional coregulators, suggesting that estrogenic effects must be considered in the complex polypharmacology of resveratrol.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Nutritional control of body size through FoxO-Ultraspiracle mediated ecdysone biosynthesis

    Takashi Koyama et al.
    In Drosophila melanogaster, nutrition controls body size by acting through the Forkhead Box class O (FoxO)/Ultraspiracle complex to regulate nutrition-sensitive ecdysone biosynthesis, thereby controlling the switch to stop growth.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sharpin prevents skin inflammation by inhibiting TNFR1-induced keratinocyte apoptosis

    Snehlata Kumari et al.
    The adaptor proteins FADD and TRADD play an important role in the Sharpin-dependent anti-apoptosis signaling pathway in keratinocytes and regulate skin homeostasis.

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