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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    A complete toolset for the study of Ustilago bromivora and Brachypodium sp. as a fungal-temperate grass pathosystem

    Franziska Rabe et al.
    The establishment of Ustilago bromivora and Brachypodium as a biotrophic model system provides the foundation for studying new aspects of plant-pathogen interactions and for answering questions about fungal sex and speciation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Epistasis and entrenchment of drug resistance in HIV-1 subtype B

    Avik Biswas et al.
    Drug resistance in HIV is the result of mutations, which affect fitness depending on epistatic interactions with the entire sequence background that varies within and between patient populations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic defects in β-spectrin and tau sensitize C. elegans axons to movement-induced damage via torque-tension coupling

    Michael Krieg et al.
    A conceptual framework and physical model shows how actin-spectrin networks and microtubule bundles can protect axons from mechanical stress.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Overall energy conversion efficiency of a photosynthetic vesicle

    Melih Sener et al.
    The overall energy conversion efficiency is calculated for a bacterial vesicle that harvests solar energy for ATP production on the basis of an atomic-detail structural model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dendritic coincidence detection in Purkinje neurons of awake mice

    Christopher J Roome, Bernd Kuhn
    Simultaneous voltage and calcium two-photon imaging of Purkinje neuron dendrites in awake mice reveals multiple interplaying mechanisms underlying sensory-evoked dendritic coincidence detection of parallel fiber and climbing fiber input.
    1. Ecology

    Humans disrupt access to prey for large African carnivores

    Kirby L Mills, Nyeema C Harris
    The presence of humans induces behavioral modifications in many large carnivore and ungulate species, restructuring spatiotemporal relationships between African predators and their prey.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus salience determines defensive behaviors elicited by aversively conditioned serial compound auditory stimuli

    Sarah Hersman et al.
    Perceived imminence of threat and resulting intensity of defensive responses during serial compound stimulus conditioning are determined by auditory stimulus salience, not cue sequence as recently reported.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Bridging the gap between single-cell migration and collective dynamics

    Florian Thüroff et al.
    A computational model, based on single-cell features like contractility and polarizability, quantitatively describes cellular dynamics from the single cell level up to small cohorts and confluent tissues.
    1. Ecology

    Resource depletion through primate stone technology

    Lydia V Luncz et al.
    Technology-driven overharvesting of marine prey influences tool selection pattern in long tailed macaques, posing a serious threat to their behavioural traditions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A glucose-starvation response regulates the diffusion of macromolecules

    Ryan P Joyner et al.
    During stress conditions, eukaryotic cells dramatically alter their biophysical properties to regulate diffusion of macromolecules.