1,003 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar modulation of synaptic input to freezing-related neurons in the periaqueductal gray

    Christopher E Vaaga et al.
    The mouse cerebellum regulates innate defensive neural circuitry by tonically controlling dopamine release in the periaqueductal gray, thereby modulating synaptic responses of the Chx10-positive neurons that generate freezing behavior.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    A synthetic dataset primer for the biobehavioural sciences to promote reproducibility and hypothesis generation

    Daniel S Quintana
    Sharing synthetic datasets that mimic original datasets that could not otherwise be made publicly available can help ensure reproducibility and facilitate data exploration while maintaining participant privacy.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of community piped water coverage on re-infection with urogenital schistosomiasis in rural South Africa

    Polycarp Mogeni et al.
    Scale-up of piped water coverage in the local community strongly protects against S. haematobium re-infection intensity among primary school-going children following treatment with praziquantel.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Co-evolution within structured bacterial communities results in multiple expansion of CRISPR loci and enhanced immunity

    Nora C Pyenson, Luciano A Marraffini
    Cells must acquire multiple viral spacer sequences to neutralize mutant escaper phages and form colonies during the CRISPR-Cas immune response.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prediction signals in the cerebellum: beyond supervised motor learning

    Court Hull
    Emerging evidence suggests a broad role for cerebellar circuits in generating and testing predictions about movement, reward, and diverse cognitive processes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatiotemporal patterns of neocortical activity around hippocampal sharp-wave ripples

    J Karimi Abadchi et al.
    The hippocampus and neocortex engage in waves of mutual excitation wherein a sharp wave-ripple may occur at any time before, during or after the peak of the hippocampal-neocortical activation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of slit3 as a locus affecting nicotine preference in zebrafish and human smoking behaviour

    Judit García-González et al.
    Zebrafish studies are able to predict loci and biological pathways affecting human behaviour, paving the way to better understanding of the biological underpinnings of psychiatric disease.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Sperm chemotaxis is driven by the slope of the chemoattractant concentration field

    Héctor Vicente Ramírez-Gómez et al.
    The slope of the chemoattractant concentration gradient is a driving force for sperm chemotaxis, by coordinating the entrainment of information flow between sensing, signaling and motility.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A model for focal seizure onset, propagation, evolution, and progression

    Jyun-you Liou et al.
    Usage-dependent inhibition breakdown and neural adaptation underpins the key spatiotemporal dynamics of human focal seizures.
    1. Neuroscience

    In vivo assessment of the neural substrate linked with vocal imitation accuracy

    Julie Hamaide et al.
    Song learning accuracy can be predicted and traced in the structural properties of the brains of juvenile male zebra finches already at 20 days post-hatching.

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