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    1. Neuroscience

    Reward prediction error does not explain movement selectivity in DMS-projecting dopamine neurons

    Rachel S Lee et al.
    Despite the fundamental relationship between movement and value, they are represented in a separable manner in dopamine neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Momentary subjective well-being depends on learning and not reward

    Bastien Blain, Robb B Rutledge
    Analyses show that happiness is not associated with the reward prediction errors resulting from decisions but instead with belief updating and learning the structure of the world.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cerebellum is involved in processing of predictions and prediction errors in a fear conditioning paradigm

    Thomas Michael Ernst et al.
    Pronounced cerebellar activation during unexpected omission of a potentially harmful event suggests that the cerebellum has to be added to the neural network processing prediction errors underlying emotional associative learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Midbrain dopamine neurons signal aversion in a reward-context-dependent manner

    Hideyuki Matsumoto et al.
    Dopamine neurons signal value prediction errors (VPEs) integrating information about both reward and aversion, in low reward contexts, whereas VPEs in some dopamine neurons are distorted in high reward contexts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Associability-modulated loss learning is increased in posttraumatic stress disorder

    Vanessa M Brown et al.
    Veterans with PTSD show increased attention to a history of unexpected outcomes during loss learning, both as measured by computational model-derived behavioral parameters and in increased neural signaling in amygdala and insula.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural signatures of perceptual inference

    William Sedley et al.
    Changes to sensory predictions are encoded by beta oscillations, surprise due to prediction violations by gamma oscillations, and alpha oscillations may have a role in controlling the precision of predictions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spinal microcircuits comprising dI3 interneurons are necessary for motor functional recovery following spinal cord transection

    Tuan V Bui et al.
    A genetically-defined population of spinal interneurons is reciprocally connected with spinal locomotor circuits and mediates recovery of locomotor function following spinal cord transection.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural signatures of vigilance decrements predict behavioural errors before they occur

    Hamid Karimi-Rouzbahani et al.
    Declined coding of sensory information in the brain reflects human vigilance decrements and allows prediction of behavioural errors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Offline replay supports planning in human reinforcement learning

    Ida Momennejad et al.
    fMRI evidence for off-task replay predicts subsequent replanning behavior in humans, suggesting that learning from simulated experience during replay helps update past policies in reinforcement learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional dissociation of stimulus intensity encoding and predictive coding of pain in the insula

    Stephan Geuter et al.
    Pain processing in certain brain regions implements predictive coding principles, offering a novel perspective on the neural basis of pain perception.