2,475 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Attenuation of dopamine-modulated prefrontal value signals underlies probabilistic reward learning deficits in old age

    Lieke de Boer et al.
    Attenuated anticipatory activity in ventromedial prefrontal cortex is modulated by dopamine D1 receptor density in nucleus accumbens, and accounts for impaired probabilistic reward learning in older adults.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    External validation of postnatal gestational age estimation using newborn metabolic profiles in Matlab, Bangladesh

    Malia SQ Murphy et al.
    Gestational age estimation models derived from newborn screening bloodspot samples are effective on data obtained from both heel prick and cord blood samples in low-resource settings.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stochastic modelling, Bayesian inference, and new in vivo measurements elucidate the debated mtDNA bottleneck mechanism

    Iain G Johnston et al.
    New modelling, statistics, and experiments show that cellular populations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) evolve during development according to solvable stochastic dynamics involving binomial partitioning and random turnover, facilitating a predictive and quantitative theory of the mtDNA bottleneck.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Single-cell modeling of routine clinical blood tests reveals transient dynamics of human response to blood loss

    Anwesha Chaudhury et al.
    Unsteady state modeling of blood cell populations reveals that blood loss triggers a cellular clearance delay and a cellular production increase, and modeling provides earlier detection and individualized patient characterization.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Quantitative perturbation-based analysis of gene expression predicts enhancer activity in early Drosophila embryo

    Rupinder Sayal et al.
    Mathematical modeling of mutagenesis data for a suite of enhancers uncovers new relationships between the binding sites of transcription factors that help in genome-wide prediction of enhancers.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vision: Framing orientation selectivity

    Floris P de Lange, Matthias Ekman
    The ongoing debate on the neural basis of orientation selectivity in the primary visual cortex continues.
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