7,521 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural encoding of task-dependent errors during adaptive learning

    Chang-Hao Kao et al.
    Posterior parietal cortex encodes errors in a task-dependent manner while a large array of frontal regions predict subsequent behavioral changes in response to ambiguous errors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Parallel global profiling of plant TOR dynamics reveals a conserved role for LARP1 in translation

    M Regina Scarpin et al.
    Plants and humans use a shared mechanism, the eukaryotic metabolic sensor TARGET OF RAPAMYCIN protein kinase and its substrate, an RNA-binding protein called LARP1, to coordinate post-transcriptional gene expression.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The effect of hybridization on transposable element accumulation in an undomesticated fungal species

    Mathieu Hénault et al.
    Transposable elements are not reactivated in natural hybrids of the yeast Saccharomyces paradoxus, but their accumulation is genotype-specific and is not predicted by the evolutionary divergence between a hybrid's parents.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cytotoxic T-cells mediate exercise-induced reductions in tumor growth

    Helene Rundqvist et al.
    Exercise can induce metabolic changes that strikingly impact cytotoxic T cell function and in turn affect cancer progression.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Beyond the RNA-dependent function of LncRNA genes

    Tamer Ali, Phillip Grote
    Recent examples demonstrate that already the transcriptional activity at lncRNA genes does have an important function on gene regulation, while the produced non-coding RNA might be dispensable.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric mechanism for KCNE1 modulation of KCNQ1 potassium channel activation

    Georg Kuenze et al.
    An integrative structural biology approach provides refined models of the KCNQ1-KCNE1 channel complex, which propose a new mechanism to explain how KCNE1 modulates KCNQ1 channel activation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Direct translation of climbing fiber burst-mediated sensory coding into post-synaptic Purkinje cell dendritic calcium

    Seung-Eon Roh et al.
    Purkinje cell dendritic calcium response is finely controlled by the burst activity of climbing fiber during sensory coding.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Histone deacetylase knockouts modify transcription, CAG instability and nuclear pathology in Huntington disease mice

    Marina Kovalenko et al.
    Genetic knockout of Hdac2 modifies molecular and cellular phenotypes in Huntington’s disease mice and has a prominent transcriptional regulatory role in adult medium spiny neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Secondary ossification center induces and protects growth plate structure

    Meng Xie et al.
    The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.

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