4,420 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Nuclear pore heterogeneity influences HIV-1 infection and the antiviral activity of MX2

    Melissa Kane et al.
    Comprehensive investigation reveals the variability and importance of the nuclear pore complex in HIV-1 infection and the activity of the antiretroviral protein, MX2.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional heterogeneity within the rodent lateral orbitofrontal cortex dissociates outcome devaluation and reversal learning deficits

    Marios C Panayi, Simon Killcross
    The rodent orbitofrontal cortex makes functionally distinct contributions to flexible behavioural control, even within a single putative orbitofrontal subregion, which has important implications for establishing homology between rodent and primate orbitofrontal cortex.
    1. Cell Biology

    Autophagy-dependent ribosomal RNA degradation is essential for maintaining nucleotide homeostasis during C. elegans development

    Yubing Liu et al.
    Embryonic development requires autophagy-dependent degradation of ribosomal RNAs.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Human axial progenitors generate trunk neural crest cells in vitro

    Thomas JR Frith et al.
    Pluripotent stem cell differentiation provides insight into how neural crest subtypes of distinct axial identity are patterned in human embryos.
    1. Neuroscience

    MDN brain descending neurons coordinately activate backward and inhibit forward locomotion

    Arnaldo Carreira-Rosario et al.
    A brain descending interneuron can coordinate a switch between two antagonistic behaviors (forward and backward locomotions).
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A discriminator code–based DTD surveillance ensures faithful glycine delivery for protein biosynthesis in bacteria

    Santosh Kumar Kuncha et al.
    Using bioinformatic and biochemical approaches, the study has explained the discriminator base anomaly in bacterial tRNA(Gly) through identification of the key determinant of DTD specificity.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Ssd1 and Gcn2 suppress global translation efficiency in replicatively aged yeast while their activation extends lifespan

    Zheng Hu et al.
    Activation of the stress response pathway in young cells extends replicative lifespan, not by reducing global protein synthesis per se, but by Gcn4-mediated autophagy induction.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    An assay for de novo kinetochore assembly reveals a key role for the CENP-T pathway in budding yeast

    Jackie Lang et al.
    An assay to assemble kinetochores de novo was developed and used to identify the role of the CENP-T pathway.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Coalescing beneficial host and deleterious antiparasitic actions as an antischistosomal strategy

    John D Chan et al.
    Engagement of both host and parasite signaling pathways proves a novel approach for developing improved anti-parasitic therapies.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Parvovirus minute virus of mice interacts with sites of cellular DNA damage to establish and amplify its lytic infection

    Kinjal Majumder et al.
    Development of a generally adaptable conformational capture assay for use in-trans identifies the specific direct interaction sites between the parvovirus minute virus of mice and the cellular genome during infection as sites of cellular DNA damage.

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